Friday Offcuts – 26 August 2022

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Increasing New Zealand’s on-shore wood processing capability, developing the domestic woody biomass industry and encouraging more timber into engineered wood buildings are just some of the outcomes being sought as part of the draft Forestry and Wood Processing Industry Transformation Plan (ITP) launched last Friday by the Minister of Forestry.

The ITP is envisaging an increase of added-value wood product exports to NZ$3.1 billion a year. Comments from the Forest Owners Association and Bioenergy Association of New Zealand on the draft plan’s ambitions are built into this week’s issue along with details of the consultation phase set out by Te Uru Rākau – New Zealand Forest Service that includes a series of seven regional workshops starting today and 3 online sessions that have been planned. A draft of the new plan can be downloaded (link supplied below) and the final version of the ITP is expected to be released later in 2022.

To complement the array of promotions already underway with Australia’s major The Ultimate Renewable™ campaign launched on 14 June, the Timber Framing Collective has now developed new resources to get the “why timber framing” message out to the country’s homeowners via fabricators, timber merchants and retailers. Anyone in the industry can access them to share across their own social and digital platforms. Details on access and links to the new materials can be found in the story below.

As evidenced by the turnout to the Wood Council Forestry Awards last Friday in Christchurch, the uncertainties of running events with Covid meeting and travel restrictions have been well and truly put to one side. New Zealand’s Wood Council annual award evening’s are really pulling in the crowds. The Top of the South (Nelson/Marlborough) Forestry Awards ran on 22 July and the inaugural Central North Island Forestry Awards (as covered in last week’s issue) ran in early August. Both attracted between 400 and 500 local industry people on the night.

This week we cover some of the major winners from the just completed Canterbury West Coast Forestry Awards (after 18 months of planning and 2 Covid-enforced postponements) that ran in Christchurch last Friday with close to 450 attending. And tonight, another 400 forestry contractors, forest managers, wood processors and transport operators from across the lower South Island are expected to attend the Southern Wood Council Forestry Awards in Dunedin. It’s an opportunity being grasped by local industry to finally get together to celebrate training, business successes and the outstanding contributions that individuals are making to the industry in each region.

Finally, we've more for you today on alternative fuels to decarbonise transport. Imagine a truck that only emits water vapor, produces its own electricity onboard and has an operational range comparable to many diesel trucks of up to 1,000 km. Volvo Trucks have started to test vehicles using this new technology with fuel cells being powered by hydrogen. Hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric trucks the company says will be particularly suitable for long distances and heavy, energy-demanding assignments. Commercialization isn’t though planned until the latter part of this decade. And that’s it for this week.

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Unlocking NZ’s Forestry and Wood Processing future

Increasing New Zealand’ onshore wood processing capability and investing in developing our domestic woody biomass industry are two target areas that will drive sector growth, create jobs, and reduce emissions across the economy, Forestry Minister Stuart Nash says.

The Minister of Forestry launched the draft Forestry and Wood Processing Industry Transformation Plan at the Canterbury West Coast Wood Council Awards in Christchurch last Friday.

“This plan is an important part of the Government’s work to build a high-wage, low-emissions economy. Through partnering with industry, Māori and unions, we can add significant value to the sector by processing logs domestically rather than sending them off-shore for other countries to extract value from.

“We need to move from a commodity resource producer to creating high value, low carbon products and jobs for Kiwis – all of which are vital to our ongoing economic recovery. This roadmap will lead to a future where high-rise buildings are built with engineered wood, where our planes, trains and boats are powered with fuel derived from wood, and a range of products, such as pharmaceuticals, are also produced from our forests”.

The ITP is the first strategy dedicated to boosting the forestry and wood processing sector in over a decade. It responds to some long-standing challenges by seeking to increase domestic wood processing and diversify our production forests and exports. This will drive the production of new low emissions products and energy sources to underpin and support our transition to net zero emissions by 2050.”

“This plan proposes a range of actions, including the Crown leading the way in researching and supporting alternative species including helping nurseries increase supply and lower costs, exploring how Government can co-invest in new sawmills to process lower grades of log, and establishing a presence in key overseas markets to increase demand for our wood products”.

“We have the expertise, skills and knowledge here in New Zealand to transform the sector, maximise the potential of our forest estate to reduce emissions, create new wood products and biofuels, and to build a strong exporting economy and environmental suitability for future generations.

“This is a significant step forward for forestry and wood processing in New Zealand. The plan launched recognises how pivotal the sector will be in our future, so it’s important New Zealanders have their say on this plan,” Stuart Nash said.

Consultation opens from 19 August and runs until 30 September 2022.

More information on the ITP and the consultation process is available here

The draft Forestry and Wood Processing Industry Transformation Plan is Available here

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New creative resources to put timber in the frame

The Timber Framing Collective is introducing a suite of easy-to use creative resources to help share the remarkable green story of Timber Framing.

Through these new resources, the Timber Framing Collective aims to empower the entire supply chain, from growers to consumers, to proudly stand up for timber and their craft. Timber Framing Collective spokesperson, Richard Hyett, said, “By equipping everyone involved, these videos and assets provide the tools and knowledge needed to guide people back to a deep-seated love of timber framing.”

The new assets are a part of a new Australian campaign, Let’s Build a Better World, for the Timber Framing - The Ultimate Renewable™ brand, designed to celebrate the contribution our industry is making to help our planet as well as the rational benefits of timber framing (durable, reliable, workable, etc), the innovation of our industry and the people involved throughout production and supply.

The campaign and assets were developed after research showed that despite timber framing being one of the most eco-friendly building materials, many people still think cutting down trees is a bad thing. And despite most builders and fabricators preferring to work with timber, many have been steered to other materials due to consumer demand.

Richard Hyett said, “Our research also showed that 78% of consumers would like an eco-friendly building material option from their builder or supplier, but less than half of builders and suppliers are likely to discuss sustainable materials with their clients.

Anyone in the entire industry has unlimited access to all the assets that can be shared across social and digital platforms, presented to prospective clients, displayed in offices and display suites, and used to proudly share the message across every touchpoint—whenever and wherever best suits each organisation. The resources include videos, brochures, fact sheets, social assets and more.

These assets enable anyone in the supply chain to learn more about timber framing, and give their clients access to engaging and educational content to help them make a more informed decision—which is exactly what consumers are asking for.

Download the resources from the updated Timber Framing – The Ultimate Renewable™ website:

Join the Timber Framing Collective and the ever-growing group of people, sharing these resources far and wide, putting timber in the frame and building a better world for the next generation.

About the Timber Framing Collective:

In a supply chain that boasts many branches, the Timber Framing Collective exists to make sure everyone in our industry feels they have a voice. Our mission is to promote, establish and consolidate Timber Framing – The Ultimate Renewable™ as the leading building materials brand for Australian homes. Currently, we are financially supported by Australian sawmills, timber importers, industry associations and peak bodies, building products and treatment suppliers

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Forestry Transformation Plan could be ‘game changer’

The Forest Owners Association says the Forestry and Wood Processing Industry Transformation Plan has the potential to drive New Zealand’s biggest step yet to increase domestic value-add to forest products. The FOA also says the ITP is a vital tool to combat climate change through materials substitution. The ITP was launched in Christchurch on Friday 19 August by the Forestry Minister Stuart Nash.

The plan sets out ambitious targets for exporting more finished wooden products, increased wood construction in New Zealand and a huge transformation from oil and coal fuels, and materials, to instead using wood-based sources. Forest Owners Association President, Grant Dodson, says that while the ability of plantation forests to sequester carbon from the atmosphere is well known, the role of wooden buildings to continue to store that carbon is less appreciated.

“Once we get into the full scale of modern engineered timber construction the volume of long-term wood use in this country will increase markedly. Laminated Veneer Lumber and Cross Laminated Timber buildings can be made much bigger than wooden buildings previously. You can already see this technology at a number of our airport terminals, such as Nelson and Wellington.”

The ITP envisions an increase of added-value wood product exports to NZ$3.1 billion a year. International investment agency Gresham House predicts worldwide consumption of timber will rise from 2.2 billion mᵌ per year to 5.8 billion mᵌ a year by 2050, driven by the need to decrease concrete and steel construction.

Grant Dodson says there is at least as much potential in wood fibre as an energy source and for use in an emerging global bioeconomy. “Dairy companies throughout New Zealand are converting their milk powder driers to using wood chips or pellets as fast as they can. There is a risk though at the moment that we won’t be able to supply the wood from forests fast enough.”

“These dairy conversions are driven by overseas market demand. Dairy customers in Europe in particular have made it clear that they will go elsewhere for their supplies if New Zealand continues to use carbon emitting coal in milk powder production.”

Grant Dodson says there is even greater and longer-term potential in using wood fibre as a raw material for producing things currently made from a range of plastics. “There are two major downsides from plastics. They generally are very slow to breakdown in the environment, and they are also derived from fossil carbon which is best left in the ground. Wood is biodegradable and versatile.”

Grant Dodson says the forest industry is backing the ITP and he is congratulating Stuart Nash for driving this project. “The challenge now is to implement it. It’s great to have such a positive plan and we look forward to the next steps to attract the investment which is necessary to make the plan an economic and environmental reality.”

Commentary on the ITP from the Bioenergy Association of NZ can be read here.

Source: FOA, BANZ

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New zero-emissions truck showcased

Imagine a truck that only emits water vapor, produces its own electricity onboard and has a range of up to 1 000 km. It’s possible with fuel cells powered by hydrogen, and Volvo Trucks has started to test vehicles using this new technology.

To decarbonize transport, Volvo Trucks already offers battery electric trucks and trucks that run on renewable fuels, such as biogas. In the second half of this decade, a third CO2-neutral option will be added to its product portfolio – fuel cell electric trucks powered by hydrogen.

“We have been developing this technology for some years now, and it feels great to see the first trucks successfully running on the test track. The combination of battery electric and fuel cell electric will enable our customers to completely eliminate CO2 exhaust emissions from their trucks, no matter transport assignments,” says Roger Alm, President of Volvo Trucks.

The fuel cell electric trucks will have an operational range comparable to many diesel trucks – up to 1 000 km – and a refuelling time of less than 15 minutes. The total weight can be around 65 tons or even higher, and the two fuel cells have the capacity to generate 300 kW of electricity onboard.

Customer pilots will start in a few years from now and commercialization is planned for the latter part of this decade. “Hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric trucks will be especially suitable for long distances and heavy, energy-demanding assignments. They could also be an option in countries where battery charging possibilities are limited,” says Roger Alm.

More >>

Source: Volvo Trucks

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Diana Gibbs announced as new AFPA Chair

After 11 years as Chair of the Australian Forest Products Association (AFPA) and decades involved at the top levels of Australia's forest industries, stalwart Greg McCormack has announced that he will step down from the role.⁠ The AFPA Chairs are elected by the AFPA Directors. After a process conducted by the Nominations Subcommittee, AFPA Director Diana Gibbs was unanimously endorsed to take over from Greg McCormack.⁠

⁠An agro-economist, Diana Gibbs, has served on the AFPA Board since 2019.⁠ The handover will occur following AFPA's 2022 Forest Industries Gala Dinner, in the Great Hall of Parliament House in Canberra on 14 September.⁠

⁠Greg McCormack said, “It has been an enormous honour to fill this leadership role and advance, with the AFPA staff, the mission of ensuring our sustainable, renewable forest industries take their rightful place in the mainstream of Australia’s thinking.⁠ It is now time for others to take forward the vision. I look forward to seeing even more success as our industries really carry so many answers to some of the world’s biggest problems.”⁠

⁠Diana Gibbs said, “It’s extremely humbling to step into the shoes of an industry statesman like Greg McCormack. For my part, I will continue, as Greg has done, to vigorously prosecute the role of forest industries as a crucial part of a carbon constrained future and a sustainable driver of economies.”⁠

Source: AFPA

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Forestry stalwart honoured at Inaugural Awards

A huge contributor to the Canterbury and West Coast economy and the forestry industry has been honoured at the inaugural awards held in Christchurch, New Zealand last Friday.

The awards night was opened by the Minster of Forestry, Hon Stuart Nash, who also announced the launch of the new Industry Transformation Plan, a visionary document that lays out the concept for more wood processing in New Zealand. Hon Minister Megan Woods also attended the evening, as the Minister for Housing, Building and Construction, and Energy and Resources, all of which plan to use much more wood in their future.

Fittingly, Bryan McCorkindale, who was a key driver in establishing the new Canterbury West Coast Wood Council, received recognition by winner “Contribution to the Forest Industry” before a sell-out 430-strong crowd for his commitment and dedication to the industry being the co-founder of SRS Ltd – Shands Road Sawmills Ltd – one of the largest sawmills in the region set up in 1964.

It was one of twelve awards presented on Friday night at the Aircraft Hall in Wigram where MC Jackie Clarke kept everyone on their toes and entertained. Jaswant Singh, who also works for SRS Ltd, won the wood processing excellence award as a great all-round employee who had a strong focus on health, safety and productivity.

Makerikeri Silviculture won the forestry excellence award for the professional and highly-skilled services they constantly offer while Steve Murphy Ltd walked off with the training company/contractor of the year crown. Judges commended the company focus on ensuring all its employees were adequately trained for the task at hand and their strong focus on quality and training.

The hotly-contested contractor of the year award went the way of Cable Logging Geraldine Ltd who were praised for being an exemplary role model who consistently demonstrated exceptional leadership. The very dedicated Owen Fisher from T Croft Transport Ltd, was the winner of the distribution excellence award. Owen has a long history in the transport industry on the West Coast and brought with him extensive knowledge both as a driver and distributor.

Kadin Seyb, from Sutherland’s Timber, won the trainee of the year award. He followed his grand pop and dad into the industry and while still young have shown themselves to be one for the future. Woods Logging Ltd were applauded for their outstanding health and safety management with Bundi Road Logging winning the outstanding environmental management award. The extra efforts Bundi Road Logging took during a particularly challenging harvest has drawn praise from many and ensured the waterways’ environmental integrity stayed intact, with any disturbance to the river system and surrounding environment was negligible.

Allan Nicholls, from Davaar Logging, won the harvesting excellence award with judges noting his work around sensitive environmental areas is always top-notch. Logan Mahony, from Westco Lumber Ltd, won the emerging talent of the year with Adrian Loo, from Forest Management Ltd, the forestry influencer of the year.

The awards, which this year attracted 46 nominations across a wide range of categories that covered the full supply chain, is hoped to become an annual affair for Christchurch. Support for these awards will continue to develop as the Canterbury West Coast Wood Council establishes itself in the region as the catalyst for establishing pride in the forest sector. The CWCWC initiated the awards to celebrate, unite, upskill and encourage more to the valuable regional industry. The council, the eighth in New Zealand, was officially launched in October 2020.

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Innovative timber projects enhance forest beauty

A grant from the WIDE Trust supported three related projects for final year Master of Architecture (Professional) students at the School of Architecture & Planning at the University of Auckland, New Zealand.

In part extending work by previous thesis students that explored new timber fabrication techniques and structural systems under Professor Andrew Barrie, the projects are timber shelters at Summerhill Farm, a recreational park near Papamoa. Located on a key pathway, the three structures combine to serve as an outdoor classroom for the school groups that make regular use of the forest. Summerhill Farm includes exotic forests, and timber milled from these forests was used for the projects.

Student Joshua Crandall’s project developed a variation of an ancient Japanese timber joint, milled using CNC technology. Student Chaoran Qui, working under the supervision of Associate Professor Mike Davis, employed an innovative variation on the ‘lattice’ truss and waffle slab. Student Bradley Rankin developed a triangular geometry to create a tower.

Businesses, students and others involved in studies and work to enhance the forestry and wood industry sectors in New Zealand are invited to apply to the WIDE Trust for a grant to support their efforts. Apply Online at

Photo: Joshua Crandall at work on his project/structure

Source: WIDE Trust

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Pedersen Group unveils log debarking facility

A reliable, environmentally friendly, and sustainable alternative to methyl bromide.

August 2021 saw the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announce revised regulations regarding the use of methyl bromide. Fumigation of logs and timber previously accounted for 94% of methyl bromide use in New Zealand.

Methyl bromide was used on above-deck cargo for export until 31 December 2021 at three of New Zealand’s largest and most northern ports, Marsden, Tauranga, and Napier. The changes imposed by the EPA left log exporters needing an alternative method to meet their phytosanitary requirements for above-deck cargo.

Pedersen Group and C3 Limited joined forces in 2018 to provide the forestry industry with a beginning-to-end solution under one umbrella. Pedersen Group has grown into the largest specialised provider of wood chipping and woodyard management services to pulp and paper mills in the region. It operates three facilities across New Zealand and Australia, handling 8 million tonnes per annum of wood fibre across its operations, in the form of logs, wood chip and hog fuel.

Pedersen Group officially unveiled a Nicholson A5 Series High Speed 35” Tandem Ring Debarker plant on Friday, 19 August 2022, to the press, industry leaders and customers. Debarking of wood is considered a reliable, environmentally friendly, and sustainable alternative to methyl bromide. The process is designed to remove the bark from tree logs removing the threat of insect pests.

The high-performance plant boasts an annual capacity of 600,000 tonnes. Safety was of paramount importance during the planning and construction of the plant, with no compromise. Durability is achieved with the integrity of the plant design.

The plant features a highly responsive six-knife arm per ring that controls pressure and improves precision debarking performance at high feed speed. Adjustable carbide inserted debarking tips suit seasonal bark removal requirements. An upgraded air system provides enhanced feed roll control and increased ring responsiveness for optimal high-speed debarking.

Source: Pedersen Group

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Developing bushfire-resilient technology

NSW will cement its place as a world leader in bushfire technology commercialisation and position itself for international export of innovative bushfire solutions under a new NSW Government program. Minister for Science, Innovation and Technology Alister Henskens said the Bushfire Commercialisation Fund will help innovators translate their cutting-edge research into practical solutions that will improve bushfire detection, preparation and response.

“Whether it’s artificial intelligence, drones or predictive mapping, we need to commercialise disaster-resilient practical solutions, not just in NSW, but across Australia and around the world,” Mr Henskens said. “By investing in our homegrown talent and their innovative research, we can help grow the economy, create jobs and develop products that secure a brighter future for NSW.”

A total of AU$16 million over three years has been allocated, with the first round of funding offering grants of between AU$200,000 and $8 million to individuals, companies, research institutions and universities, to help them commercialise their research.

NSW Chief Scientist & Engineer Professor Hugh Durrant-Whyte said the program is the second initiative being rolled out under the  Bushfire Response R&D Mission.

“The program has been modelled on the highly successful Medical Devices Fund and Physical Sciences Fund, both of which have helped to scale businesses, attract investment from private capital and build the capability of NSW’s small-to-medium enterprises in key industry sectors,” Professor Durrant-Whyte said.

More information about the program and how to apply can be found here. Preliminary applications close on 12 September.

Source: NSW Minister for Emergency Services and Resilience, Minister for Skills and Training, Science, Innovation and Technology

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Pressure mounts to rule out native forest biomass

Pressure is mounting on Australia’s Albanese government to rule out the use of native forest biomass for renewable energy generation – particularly as a replacement for coal in ageing coal generators – with one green group arguing that it “fails even the most basic common-sense test.”

The thorny subject of woody biomass is back on the Australian political agenda in debate over the finer details of Labor’s landmark Climate Change Bill, with green groups singling it out as a key threat to the credibility of the newly boosted emissions reduction target.

In the short history of Australia’s “climate wars,” native forest biomass was excluded as a source of renewable energy from the Renewable Energy Act 2000 under the Labor Gillard government, but is now included, thanks to amendment made by the Abbott government.

As noted in a submission on the Climate Bill from Wilderness Australia, that amendment has led to an increase in the number of proposals to use native forest biomass as a replacement for coal or use it to co-fire with coal in the name of clean and renewable energy.

As recently as June, the CEO of Alinta Energy – the operator of what will be one of the last coal generators operating in the grid – set off for Europe to meet with generation companies with experience converting from coal to biomass.

In an interview with RenewEconomy, Alinta’s Jeff Dimery said the company was investigating “all plausible opportunities” to extend the life of its coal generation fleet – and biomass is high on the list.

“As I sit here and look at [things], there’s not enough wind, solar and battery to get us through. We have to have an alternative. …There are other alternative fuels like biomass that have been successfully integrated overseas.”

And while some companies may indeed have successfully integrated biomass as an alternative fuel for coal plants, whether or not this has been a successful way to reduce emissions – the actual name of the game – is fiercely debated.

More >>
Source: reneweconomy

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New 2022 Industry Map strikes a chord

The only thing that is constant is change … and isn’t that the truth. Not only have we been facing the uncertainties with our businesses linked to COVID-19 over the last two years but changes for our own wood products industry over the last couple of years have been significant.

Every two years Australasia’s wood processing and manufacturing industry is detailed in an eagerly awaited Forest Products Industry Map that’s produced for this region. The new 2022 map has just been printed.

This is the fifth edition of a full colour 980mm wide x 680mm tall map produced by the Forest Industry Engineering Association combining major wood processing and manufacturing plants in both Australia and New Zealand.

It features 172 wood processing operations including 77 sawmills cutting in excess of 25,000m3 sawn lumber per annum (with sawn production levels), all fibreboard, particleboard, OSB, plywood, pulp & paper, veneer/LVL/CLT, paperboard and chip export operations along with major wood manufacturing operations.

Since the last edition produced in early 2020 there have been over 60 major updates to mill locations, ownership and production. Changes in the last two years have indeed been significant. The new map is now the most up-to-date industry reference providing an essential mapping resource for New Zealand and Australian forest products companies.

A folded copy of the map was inserted into major industry magazines in both New Zealand and Australia in early May. Maps since then have been going out the door. If you still don't have your own copy and wish to purchase folded or flat laminated (limited copies) maps, orders can be made directly from the FIEA website (

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PhD scholarships supporting vital grower research

WoodChat Episode 25 focuses on a new research collaboration between industry and academia

In the latest episode of FWPA’s WoodChat podcast series listeners will discover how new research into priority areas identified by Australian forest growers will be addressed, thanks to the co-funding of six PhD research scholarships with the University of Tasmania.

The research projects were selected for funding by a working group of FWPA and forest grower members, known as the Grower Research Advisory Committee (GRAC). Successful PhD students will work to address a wide range of challenges, from the risk that browsing herbivorous mammals pose to plantations, to traits in genetic material that affect resistance to drought, heat, diseases and pests. Also covered will be management approaches to help maximise tree survival under various conditions.

For each of the six projects, GRAC members and companies with a particular interest in each specific research area will become project partners and/or advisors, meeting regularly with supervisors and students in either a formal or informal capacity, to allow industry direct input into the projects.

“One of the objectives of the GRAC has been to help to rebuild research capacity in forestry, and that was one of the key drivers in creating this PhD scholarship initiative,” said Jodie Mason, Forest Research Manager at FWPA, who is interviewed as part of the episode. “The major benefit of having growers work directly with students during the research projects is the ability to guide and steer the research to best align with industry needs, learn alongside the students, and discover and implement findings before the projects have even finished”.

“This kind of program enables students to gain an understanding of forestry, and that familiarity can engender interest in the sector, and may result in recruitment of those students into the industry,” said Mason.

During the episode, listeners will also hear enlightening interviews with a University of Tasmania representative, a GRAC member, and one of the successful PhD student candidates about their involvement with the initiative. These six PhD scholarships are being made possible thanks to the University of Tasmania, with co-funding from FWPA grower members matched by the Australian Government.

This latest episode in the WoodChat series follows a diverse array of forestry-related topics, including Australian forestry’s environmental stewardship, how technology is being used to make Australian forests smarter, and efforts to future-proof the industry against the impact of bushfires.

The WoodChat series represents FWPA’s ongoing commitment to communicating news and innovations to the industry and beyond. Each episode includes in-depth conversations with experts on recent discoveries and current initiatives.

You can listen to WoodChat on Soundcloud, iTunes and Spotify.

Source: FWPA

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Wood-based batteries with Stora Enso

Northvolt and Finnish forestry company Stora Enso plan to make sustainable batteries using lignin-based hard carbon

Swedish battery maker Northvolt is looking to make batteries that use carbon contained in wood sourced from Nordic forests to help lower environmental footprint and cost. Northvolt and Finnish forestry company Stora Enso plan to make sustainable batteries using lignin-based hard carbon on an industrial scale, the companies said Friday. The aim is to develop a battery with anode sourced entirely from European raw materials, they said.

Lauri Lehtonen, who is head of innovation at Stora Enso's biomaterials division, explained the process to Automotive News Europe earlier this year and outlined the potential benefits for automakers. "We are exploring a new source of sustainable raw material and expanding the European battery value chain, while also developing a less expensive battery chemistry," said Emma Nehrenheim, chief environmental officer at Northvolt.

Lignin, one of the biggest renewable sources of carbon on the planet, is a plant-derived polymer found in the cell walls of dry-land plants. Trees are composed of 20 percent to 30 percent of lignin. In the partnership, Stora Enso will provide its lignin-based anode material Lignode, while Northvolt will drive cell design, production process development and scale-up of the technology.

Stora Enso is the world’s largest kraft lignin producer, making 50,000 tons a year at its Sunila site in Finland. It's also conducting a feasibility study into the first industrial production of Lignode at the Sunila site. Northvolt in February bought an old Swedish paper mill from Stora to turn it into a cathode material factory by late 2024 with an annual production capacity of over 100 gigawatt hours.

Volkswagen Group has been investing hundreds of millions of dollars in Northvolt to secure battery supply for its electric vehicles. In March 2017, Stora's head of innovation Mikael Hannus told Reuters that commercial production of lignin-based products would be five to 10 years away.

Source: Europe.autonews

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Buy and Sell

... and one to end the week on ...

An American arrives at Tennant Creek; he wants to explore the Tanami. There’s a camel hire business on the outskirts of town so he stops and chooses a camel for his journey.

Having never ridden before, he asks the manager how difficult it is. “Nothing to it,” comes the answer, “you mount the animal, give it the command, ‘Up’, it gets up and you’re ready to go”.

“How do I make it move?” the American asks. The manager tells him he only needs to say “wow” quite firmly and the camel will immediately walk. If he says “wow” twice, the camel will trot and, three times, gallop.

Early in the trip, the camel and rider are doing well, managing a steady walk through the desert scrub. Time to see how they get on at a faster pace. “Wow, wow,” the American commands and the camel responds, promptly assuming a quick trot. It’s easy-going for them both, so he gives the order, “Wow, wow, wow”. Now they are really getting somewhere. The camel gallops on through the sparse scrub, steady on its feet.

Suddenly, the American realises there’s a huge gully ahead and they need to stop, pretty darn quick. He hasn’t asked how to bring the camel to a halt and tries to think of a suitable command. They’re almost at the gully and he has no answer to their plight so he says a quick prayer to himself and then, out loud, “Amen”.

On hearing the word, the camel stops almost in its own length, and just as well because its front feet are right on the edge of a 50-metre drop. Shocked and shaken at how close he’s come to injury or death, the American leans forward for a look into the gully.

Seeing how deep it is, he says, “Wow…!”

And one more. A Scotsman was dying.

On his deathbed, he looked up and said: "Is my wife here?"

His wife replies: "Yes, dear, I'm here, next to you."

The Scot goes: "Are my children here?"

"Yes, Daddy, we are all here," say the children.

The Scot: "Are my other relatives also here?"

And they say: "Yes, we are all here..."

The Scot gets up and says: "Then why the heck is the light on in the kitchen?"

Having got through all of the recent **** weather of late, remember, it's only four weeks officially now until Spring arrives. And on that upbeat note, enjoy your weekend. Cheers.

Brent Apthorp
Editor, Friday Offcuts
Distinction Dunedin Hotel
6 Liverpool Street, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
PO Box 904, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
Tel: +64 (03) 470 1902, Mob: +64 21 227 5177, Fax: +64 (03) 470 1906
Web page:

This week's extended issue, along with back issues, can be viewed at

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