Friday Offcuts 14 August 2020
Just to add to the angst, an Australian environmentalist group decided that the time was right to file formal complaints with international enforcement agencies to "prevent illegal logging" of Victoria's forests. Rightly so, the move has left forestry groups representing the companies and workers involved, furious. As pointed out by industry associations, it makes light of illegal logging, it shows a "callous disregard" for workers during the current health crisis and it’s also encouraged protestors who’re continuing to disrupt legal timber harvesting operations and put themselves and others at risk. Further coverage on this story can be found below.
For a couple of “good news stories” amongst the gloom, in wood processing this week, Hyne Timber have just opened their new AU$23 million 4000m2 glulam operation in Maryborough, Queensland. And in New Zealand, Fonterra is putting the finishing touches on their new NZ$11 million power source conversion from coal to wood pellets which may be used as a blueprint for its other factories around the country. Once completed, the Te Awamutu plant will be burning around 50,000 tonnes of wood pellets sourced from Nature’s Flame in Taupō.
A couple of weeks ago we built in a late breaking story and included a couple of tables from the just completed The Economic Impact of Forestry in New Zealand report. It compared the economic and employment outputs of New Zealand forestry with sheep and beef farming. It’s the sort of report that both sides on the “Carbon Forestry” debate had been looking for. The findings clearly came out on forestry’s side, refuting claims that had been made recently through the media that forestry was destroying local communities and jobs. A more comprehensive commentary and a link to the full report can be found in this week’s issue.
And finally, we have updates on a couple of real technology events that are still planned to be run. The first is the country’s major mass timber event, the 5th Annual WoodWorks Conference, that we covered in last week’s issue. It’s being run in Rotorua, New Zealand on 20-21 October. Details can be found on the event website. The other technology event, the annual ForestTECH programme, has also been announced in a recent issue. This week we’ve included information on three new additional workshops/meetings that have just been set up for delegates who’ll be in Rotorua around the 18- 19 November. Check out the story below or the event website for more information on the workshops. Two of these shorter workshops have limited numbers so if keen, best get onto this quickly. That’s it for this week. Enjoy this week’s read.
This week we have for you:
Report rejects media campaign’s messagingClaims that forestry destroys local communities and jobs are refuted in a PricewaterhouseCooper (PwC) report. The report also indicates forestry has on average a larger economic value per hectare than pastoral farming. The report, titled The Economic Impact of Forestry in New Zealand, was produced for the Ministry of Primary Industries and data in it is based on 2018 figures.
Business analysts PwC compared the economic and employment output of forestry with sheep and beef farming, and also looked at carbon forestry and a mix of land use. NZ Forest Owners Association (NZFOA) said the report was a clear and objective refutation of widespread statements in the media recently claiming forestry destroys local communities and jobs.
“PwC has found forestry makes more than double a value chain impact than sheep and beef farming in both value-add by land use and also in providing employment,” the forest owners said. Farmers have argued for some time that their industry employs more people and is more valuable to the economy than forestry, and that increased forestry would reduce employment in rural communities. Concern has also been voiced around the sale of farmland to forestry interests.
The PwC report states: “From the modelling we have done as part of this report, we conclude that on average the forestry value chain has a larger economic impact per hectare than the sheep and beef value chain.” The key challenge in the comparison between forestry and farming was the “dramatic” difference in production cycles of each type of land — annual for sheep and beef; multi-decade for forestry,” the report says.
A statement from the NZFOA says graphs in the report are “overwhelmingly clear” that forestry is a far better employer and income earner than sheep and beef on the same area of land — “even without considering carbon prices”. “The report indicates restricting conversion to forestry is destructive and not beneficial to local communities, which is something forestry companies have been saying for ages . . . now it is confirmed.”
The report also says the Overseas Investment Office has not approved any sale of New Zealand farmland for carbon farming. “Carbon farming may be the only feasible use of some highly erosion-prone land not suitable for farming. Native trees will replace the pines over time,” say the forest owners.
On carbon farming the report summary indicates that with carbon unit prices at or in the range of $25, permanent carbon forestry can offer comparable returns to plantation forestry .. . “and both can offer superior returns to sheep and beef farming”. “The GDP (gross domestic product) impacts, however, are materially different,” the report states.
“A move from plantation to permanent carbon forestry significantly reduces the GDP impacts and reduces employment impacts to negligible levels. “This is the natural effect of converting land to a use that is not economically productive.”
Key conclusions from the report include a financial comparison of the relative attractiveness of plantation forestry, permanent carbon forestry and sheep and beef farming. “That comparison suggests that for some land types (in this case hard hill country), forestry generally offers greater returns when enhanced by carbon unit revenue.
“Plantation forestry and permanent carbon forestry offer comparable returns over the long term, but significantly different economic impacts, with permanent carbon forestry having comparatively low impacts, compared to sheep and beef farming and plantation forestry.”
A copy of the full PWC Report can be downloaded here.
Source: gisborneherald, FOA
Three additional workshops for ForestTECH 2020As previously reported, ForestTECH 2020 is being run this year. At this stage, because of COVID-19 restrictions limiting travel, it’s being run as a physical conference along with exhibitions in Rotorua, New Zealand on 18-19 November.
Those unable to travel or get into New Zealand also have the opportunity of being involved as for the first time this year, it’s going to be streamed live to a wide range of Australian and international delegates.
In addition to the changed format for delivery, for the first time, the well-established two-day event is broken into two themes, the first being advances being made in remote sensing, data capture and forest inventory which has been the focus since the annual technology event’s inception back in 2007.
The second theme will be focussing on mechanised planting and automated silviculture. European technologies are already well advanced and are being trialled on flatter terrain by some of the larger forestry companies in New Zealand and Australia. Full details of the programme for both days can be viewed here.
As an extra to those who will be attending the Rotorua event in person, three workshops or meetings have been set to capitalise on those travelling into Rotorua.
1. The first is a two hour focussed workshop being run by Eagle Technology at the conference venue on the morning of Tuesday 17 November. It will provide an updated overview of the ArcGIS platform (10.8.1) and a focus on GIS insights and location intelligence powered by drone flight data with ArcGIS.
2. The second is a half-day Remote Sensing Cluster Group meeting that’s being run on the afternoon of Tuesday 17 November. The meeting will combine recent research focussing on tree detection and forest health with a presentation around developing a sector-wide strategy to bring the benefits of artificial intelligence (AI) to small and large forest growers. The second part of the meeting will present a series of talks that launch a new working group focussed on tech transfer of UAV related research to industry. This “Tools For Foresters” Working Group, will comprise a cluster of foresters and researchers who will be able to beta-test research tools and methods, accelerating the research and tech transfer process. Further information can be obtained by emailing: email@example.com. Please also find attached an outline of the planned programme.
3. A half-day demo and workshop on the Hovermap LiDAR simultaneous location and mapping (SLAM) technology which is being used for collecting very detailed stem data under canopy, is also being run by Interpine and Emesent following the conference and exhibitions on the morning of Friday 20 November. Numbers may need to be limited for this practical workshop. Further details will be supplied shortly.
Information on the three workshops running in and around the ForestTECH 2020 event in Rotorua can be read here
Full details on the planned two-day ForestTECH 2020 event can also be seen here.
Dam option for storage of burnt logsKangaroo Island Plantation Timbers (KIPT) has surveyed the Sheep Creek Dam at its Macgill property to ascertain its suitability to store pine logs once harvesting of the bushfire-damaged pine plantations can begin. John Linsell and Michael Pohl, of Steed surveyors, were contracted to assess the holding capacity of the dam and KIPT’s forestry consultant Rob Heathcote estimates the dam could hold 150,000 tonnes of logs when full, as they await transport off the Island. This represented less than a quarter of the pine to be harvested on the Island.
KIPT Managing Director Keith Lamb said the harvest of pine logs was more urgent than bluegum because pine did not regenerate after fire and the logs were deteriorating on the stump. “These logs have a shelf life and the clock is ticking. Storing softwood in water is a proven way to preserve the log and many people in South Australia will remember the stories of log storage in the South-East after the Ash Wednesday bushfires of 1983.
“As soon as we receive State Government approval for the Kangaroo Island Seaport at Smith Bay, we will start the harvest of pine. We can’t store all of it at Macgill’s but we may be able to access some temporary transport options alongside this and other storage solutions.
“The jetty at Smith Bay is still the critical part of the puzzle to activate the forestry industry on Kangaroo Island and KIPT is working hard on the harvest solutions and planning that will underpin the future of this industry that can bring so many benefits not just to our shareholders but also to the Kangaroo Island community.”
Photo: Surveyor John Linsell sets out on Sheep Creek Dam at the Macgill property
Source: Kangaroo Island Plantation Timbers
Fonterra's first wood pellet-fuelled plant readyFonterra is one step away from pushing the go button on its first factory to convert from coal to wood pellet energy. The dairy company’s Te Awamutu plant in the Waikato, New Zealand, is putting the finishing touches on the NZ$11 million power source conversion which could be used as a blueprint for its other factories around the country.
It was part of the company’s move to renewable energy and to reduce emissions as it worked towards net zero carbon emissions by 2050. Te Awamutu site operations manager Marc Carney said further testing was planned over the next few weeks with September 1 the date earmarked for the plant to officially switch over.
“The boiler produces steam which is used as a heating medium to dry milk powder, to make products like whole milk, skim milk and buttermilk powder,” Carney said. Once the new wood pellet burner is operational, it will eliminate 84,000 tonnes of carbon emissions every year or the same as taking 32,000 cars off the road.
It will also reduce Fonterra’s coal energy consumption in New Zealand by 10 per cent. There were similar wood pallet burners at the Waiouru Army Camp and another in Timaru but nothing on the same scale as the one at Te Awamutu, Carney said.
“We’re really happy the company has made such a big investment, NZ$11m in this conversion, which is something that it’s not required to do. But I think it’s shown our staff here in Te Awamutu, and our farmers, that the company is serious about playing it’s part to take care of the environment.”
Carney said he was also pleased Te Awamutu had been selected for the fuel conversion pilot project. “We’re about the fifth biggest plant the company has, so it’s the ideal size to test the technology, and then see if it can be used in our other factories.”
The company partnered with Nature’s Flame in Taupō which would supply the wood pellets. It used waste wood shavings, sawdust and off-cuts from the forestry and the timber industry to convert into pellets for heat fuel. The Te Awamutu plant burnt 42,000 tonnes of coal last season.
Although it will burn 50,000 tonnes of wood pellets once the conversion is completed, Carney said the emissions will be cleaner and lower compared to coal. Fonterra has 21 factories in New Zealand, some already used a mix of renewable electricity with wood biomass conversions in progress.
Wood biomass is a renewable fuel made from wood and can be converted into energy through combustion or gasification. It is different from wood pellets, which are made from offcuts and are compressed.
Last year Fonterra made a commitment not to install any new boilers or increase capacity to burn coal. It also converted the boiler at its Brightwater site near Nelson to run on a mixture of coal and wood biomass. The company is also working to move away from coal at its Stirling site, South Otago.
Hyne Timber unveils new glue laminating plantMarking the completion of commissioning, Hyne Timber welcomed Queensland Minister for State Development, the Hon. Kate Jones and Member for Maryborough, Bruce Saunders to the unveiling of the new Glue Laminated Timber Plant in Maryborough.
The AU$23 million investment generating 80 jobs during construction and over 40 jobs once fully operational included the engagement of 40 local contractors, worth over AU$5 million to the local economy. The 4000m2 facility also showcases 1374 of Hyne’s own timber beams in the structure, already capturing the attention of the new Rheinmetall Nioa Munitions facility being constructed around the corner using the Hyne Group’s products.
Hyne Timber CEO, Jon Kleinschmidt said the support of the Queensland Government’s Jobs and Regional Growth Fund has not only enabled the establishment of the new plant, but has secured regional jobs for years to come, “Hyne Timber has 138 years of experience in manufacturing timber on the Fraser Coast with 40 of those years including specialising in glue laminated timber”.
“The new plant couldn’t come at a better time as attention increasingly turns to renewable, Australian building materials within a secure supply chain that create and support local jobs. This new plant delivers a 400% expansion on existing capability with all the feedstock coming from our own secure supply being our own Mill in the Tuan Forest near Maryborough which employs a further 200 people”.
“Hyne also has a proud history of innovating and this plant with new product lines represents another innovation milestone for our growing history book. This is testament to the people of Hyne who have worked tirelessly on this project, in some cases for several years. They should feel very proud of this milestone today which is yet again, another game changer for the business.” Mr Kleinschmidt said.
Source: Hyne Timber
Forest growers welcome expanded bushfire relief eligibilityThe Institute of Foresters of Australia and Australian Forest Growers (IFA/AFG) have welcomed the Federal Government’s decision to expand eligibility criteria and extend the application timeframe for the AU$75,000 Primary Producer bushfire recovery grants.
IFA/AFG Vice President and Chair of the Forest Growers Committee, Kevin Harding said the announcement was a win for private forest growers, many who were previously ineligible for the grant due to not meeting off-farm income requirements. "This announcement is a very welcome recognition that many small private growers need off-farm income to finance their very significant and long-term investment in plantation establishment and management,” Mr Harding said.
“The IFA/AFG has been working with the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment since February 2020, advocating for Private Forest Growers by seeking an adjustment to the rules around the AU$75,000 grant criteria that made many ineligible. “On behalf of the IFA/AFG I’d like to recognise the important work of the Department staff who researched and developed this much needed policy position to address our concerns which were raised to assist our private forest grower members.
“The grant was intended to support regional communities impacted by the catastrophic 2019/2020 bushfire season to secure recovery funding but was initially focused on primary producers with regular annual farming income. “We’re very pleased private forest growers have now been included in the criteria and will be given the same level of assistance as other primary producers to recover from the many challenges faced by industry this year.
The changes to the grant eligibility requirements include:
• Where an applicant’s income from primary production is less than 50 per cent of their total income, the applicant may nonetheless be eligible for a grant if it can be demonstrated that; the applicant is a forest plantation grower, or a private land holder who actively manages forest resources, with the intention of deriving income from commercial timber and/ or wood fibre production;
• Removal of the requirement that an applicant’s total off-farm income is less than AU$100,000 gross per annum.
Applications have been extended to 15 December 2020 in NSW, and 31 December 2020 in QLD, SA, and VIC. More details are available here.
These AU$75k grants are available in the defined disaster areas to replace or rebuild plant, equipment or livestock that have been directly impacted by the fire and where those needs are not covered by an existing insurance policy. These grants can help with cleaning up, salvaging and harvesting damaged crops including tree plantations damaged by fire, smoke, ash and/or soot.
Source: Institute of Foresters of Australia
Victorian logging taken to the International stageAustralian environmentalists, The Wilderness Society, has appealed to enforcement agencies in Germany, the United States and Denmark, claiming international companies that use VicForests timber in their products are in breach of their respective country’s stance on illegal logging.
An Australian environmentalist group has filed formal complaints with international enforcement agencies to "prevent illegal logging" in Victoria's forests, after a recent Federal Court decision found VicForests in breach of state and federal law.
The move has left forestry peak bodies furious at the trivialisation of illegal logging and "callous disregard" for essential workers during a global pandemic. The Wilderness Society has appealed to enforcement agencies in Germany, Denmark and the United States to prevent illegal logging in Victoria's "fire-affected forests and wildlife habitats".
Paper and cardboard, produced by Nippon Paper Group owned Opal Australian Paper, is sold through its German and United States subsidiaries, and the environmentalist group has subsequently filed formal complaints for breach of each country's illegal logging laws with their relevant authorities. The Federal Court decision is being appealed by VicForests.
The Australian Forest Products Association and Victorian Association of Forest Industries have slammed the move, saying it trivialised the global scourge of illegal logging and encouraged protesters to disrupt legal timber harvesting when the economy was already at a devastating low.
Australian Forest Products Association chief executive Ross Hampton said on the same day the Victorian government announced the economy would likely be in a deep recession with potentially tens of thousands of job losses, the Wilderness Society had taken its campaign against the state's sustainably-managed native forest industries to an international audience, and trivialised the global scourge of illegal logging.
For more on the industry response click here
Export log prices still lowIt is difficult to envisage a rise in New Zealand’s log export prices "occurring any time soon", ANZ’s latest Agri Focus report says. Forestry returns were easing in the global market but remained strong locally. There was a strong demand in the domestic market for timber as house builds got back on track, but it was feared there would be an easing in the local housing market later in the year as the labour market weakened.
Export returns had eased now stocks had rebuilt in China, and global demand was expected to wane, as building, manufacturing and export activity was subdued due to the detrimental effect of Covid-19 on global economies.
Supply to China increased again once New Zealand’s forestry industry was able to resume work when restrictions moved to Alert Level 3 in late April. That resulted in a surge of logs being exported to China which quickly alleviated the previous shortfall, the report said. br>
However, the level of offtake of logs from China’s wharves had now eased, as had prices. That reduction in demand was a normal seasonal trend that occurred when construction activity slowed during the hot summer months. The supply of logs to China from Eastern Europe remained strong; those spruce logs were being rapidly harvested to stop the spread of a spruce beetle infestation which had already devastated many forests.
The in-market log price had now fallen 12% below the five-year average. Pricing was no longer sufficient to attract logs from Uruguay and Argentina as the higher shipping costs from South America to China made the trade unprofitable. Supply from New Zealand was also likely to be restricted a little due to harvesting slowing in the winter months, and some smaller lot owners electing to delay harvest until returns were higher.
Some landowners had contracted prices which would support felling in the near term, but once those deals expired, the bank expected to see further slowing in harvesting of small lots. Harvesting of larger forests tended to continue regardless of the current spot market price, as those owners were large enough to manage the ups and downs, the report said.
Source: Otago Daily Times
Feedback sought on updates to VicForests plansVicForests is seeking stakeholder and community comment on its proposed Timber Release Plan (TRP) and Timber Utilisation Plan (TUP) changes. The TRP and TUP identify potential timber harvesting areas for the coming years and are being prepared as part of VicForests’ regular planning process.
The proposed changes to the plans include the addition of new coupes including access roads, removal of unharvested coupes, and amendments to coupes already part of the plans. The TRP covers seven forest management areas in the east of the of the state while the TUP is related to Community Forestry operations, predominately occurring in the west of the state.
These plans are separate to the TRP changes made in July 2020 which focused on post-fire recovery. Public and stakeholder feedback on the proposed TRP and TUP is open from 7 August to 14 September.
The standard consultation period has been extended in acknowledgment of the disruption to people’s schedules caused by coronavirus. Following the consultation period, VicForests’ TRP and TUP will be submitted to its board for consideration and approval. All operations are required to comply with the detailed regulations that relate to responsible timber harvesting in Victoria, and subject to oversight by an independent regulator.
A schedule of proposed timber harvesting areas, maps indicating approximate locations and a feedback form for public comment are available here. Submissions can also be provided via email to firstname.lastname@example.org or made in writing and sent to: VicForests, GPO Box 191, Melbourne, 3001 from 7 August until 5pm on 14 September 2020.
SME pilot underway with Remsoft OperationsThe Northern Hardwoods Research Institute (NHRI) and Remsoft have partnered to support best practice implementation of the Remsoft Operations Cloud within small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the forestry sector. The first SME pilot implementation is underway with a leading producer of hardwood products in Canada. Research for the project is supported by the New Brunswick Innovation Foundation’s (NBIF) Innovation Voucher Fund.
Remsoft Operations is a cloud, SaaS solution designed to manage the forestry supply chain from forest to mill in real time. It has been successfully deployed within large, global operators such as Weyerhaeuser. Hundreds of users, across different teams are actively planning and scheduling in the Remsoft Operations Cloud, and the system is being used to manage thousands of harvest units and several millions of tons of fibre.
“Within the Remsoft Operations Cloud, forest product companies can consolidate and connect all the people, processes and data sources needed to manage the entire supply chain,” says Doug Jones, Senior Vice President, Client Solutions & Innovation at Remsoft.
"The ability to see everything in one, real-time view is key to unlocking cost savings, revenue, and performance opportunities across the value chain” said Jones. “And, with its cloud architecture and modular design, Remsoft Operations can scale to any company’s needs.”
NHRI is a collaboration of the forest sector, government and academia that conducts research related to the management of hardwoods and mixed forests of Eastern North America. A key challenge for small to mid-size businesses adopting digital forest supply chain solutions such as Remsoft Operations is preparing the necessary data. The NHRI-Remsoft partnership will leverage NHRI’s unique expertise to overcome this challenge by streamlining the implementation process, including data preparation, digitization, and integration.
"By partnering with Remsoft and implementing our precision block planning processes, we can improve operations and lower costs for SMEs,” says Gaetan Pelletier, NHRI’s Executive Director. The project is supported by the NBIF Innovation Voucher Fund, designed to support SMEs with access to scientific talent and facilities they need to engage in R&D opportunities to accelerate innovation. NBIF contributed $44,200 to the partnership.
Tradies expected to abandon VictoriaChippies, brickies and tilers are expected to abandon Melbourne and go west as Victoria’s 10-year building boom stalls over the next two years. The state’s homebuilding economy growth will plunge from top of the nation to the bottom by 2022, according to the Housing Industry Association.
It’s the second industry-shaking blow in days after Premier Daniel Andrews on Monday announced just five people would be allowed to work on new home sites at any given time during a six-week “pilot light phase” for the industry as the state battles COVID-19 cases.
It also comes as industry guidance has warned construction workers will need to carry a permit to go to work on Melbourne building sites from 11.59pm Wednesday night, or risk being fined.
HIA senior economist Tim Reardon said COVID-19 would cost the state its “quite remarkable” six-year reign as Australia’s new homes powerhouse with plunging migration and international student numbers to erode the population growth driving demand for new homes.
Mr Reardon said Victoria’s housing industry had consistently outperformed its 10-year average for a decade, but with the number of new homes being built to fall from 55,000 in the past financial year to 44,000 across the next 12 months, the industry will lose jobs.
Builders working on apartment complexes around the city will be the most at risk, but the AU$25,000 federal government HomeBuilder grants are expected to provide a short-term boost for new house construction. “Even with HomeBuilder and other government support programs, it’s difficult to see Victoria getting back to building the same number of homes in the next few years,” Mr Reardon said.
Prime Minister Scott Morrison on Wednesday flagged “serious issues” with how Victoria’s stage four lockdown would affect major construction projects and said the federal government would be watching how the state moderated its initial plans for the industry. It was not clear if these concerns related to housing construction projects.
Dumping duties of 40 to 360% imposed on Chinese importsLast week, the U.S. Department of Commerce preliminarily found that Chinese producers have sold wood mouldings and millwork products into the United States at less than fair value, in violation of international trade rules.
As a result, Commerce has imposed preliminary antidumping duties on Chinese imports at rates ranging from 40.30 percent to 359.16 percent, with most Chinese companies facing an antidumping rate of 79.40 percent.
Commerce issued a negative preliminary finding in the companion antidumping duty investigation on wood mouldings and millwork products from Brazil. The Coalition of American Millwork Producers, which filed these trade cases, commends the Commerce Department for its hard work on these investigations thus far and urges the agency to reconsider its preliminary determination on injurious Brazilian imports.
Today’s determination establishes the preliminary duty margins for China in the antidumping duty portion of the investigation. Following the publication of the determination in the Federal Register, Commerce will instruct U.S. Customs and Border Protection to begin suspending liquidation and collect preliminary antidumping duties (in the form of cash deposits) on entries of wood mouldings and millwork products from China. These duties will be added to the preliminary subsidy duties already in place on Chinese imports, which currently range from 13.61 percent to 245.34 percent.
The decisions announced are preliminary rulings only. For China, duty rates may increase in the final determination and, for Brazil, Commerce may make an affirmative final determination. The final determinations are currently expected in October 2020 but may be extended.
The antidumping and countervailing duty cases were filed on behalf of the Coalition of American Millwork Producers (CAMP), an alliance of large and small wood moulding and millwork producers from across the United States. CAMP is committed to addressing the unfair trade practices of China and Brazil, including dumping and subsidizing of wood mouldings and millwork products sold into the United States.
South West Forest learning teacher tourThe remarkable diversity of occupations in forestry was revealed to careers advisers at a local timber industry tour recently. More than 30 Vocational Education and Training practitioners and careers advisers from 22 schools around the South West, Western Australia, were taken on a tour to the Wellington Discovery Forest, local softwood processor Wespine and the export operations of WA Plantation Resources.
Hosted by the Leschenault Timber Industry Club, the objective of the day was to balance a message of employment diversity and opportunity in the timber industry with sound forest management practice and sustainability.
Club president Brad Barr said the tour had a profound impact on attendees. “The careers advisers clearly benefited from seeing the scope of these local forestry businesses,” Mr Barr said. “We are always pleased to show off the many and varied occupations that underpin growing and processing timber into products we know as the Ultimate Renewable. We are proud to share our knowledge of best practice in managing native forests and plantations.”
Mr Barr said each year, the timber industry in Western Australia contributes about AU$1.4 billion to the economy. “In WA the timber industry creates around 6,000 jobs, directly and indirectly, with 90 per cent of those jobs in regional WA,” he said. “If we have opened the eyes of careers advisers, we hope that translates into enhanced guidance for students.”
Buy and Sell
... and one to end the week on ... Aussie citizen test
One of our readers sent in a note to add to last week's video of a woman who climbed onto a wing mid-flight to change a tyre on the undercarriage of a plane. We forgot to mention that the wing walking lady died a few years ago of old age in her late 90's. Pretty amazing.
And on that note, enjoy your weekend. And for those
involved in a COVID-19 related lock-down right now, stay
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