Friday Offcuts – 30 November 2018

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Robots for house construction. It’s one way of meeting the current shortfall of housing stocks and skilled builders. Outside of plans for offsite manufacturing (or pre-fab housing), it might also go some way to meet the increasingly ambitious target of 100,000 homes being built for first home buyers over the next decade by the New Zealand Government.

A new video out of Japan this week shows a prototype robot that’s been designed to work on construction sites. Maybe it’s not quite there yet but it’s a look into what potentially could be rolled out. It demonstrates the potential for the future use of flexible humanoid robots on building and construction sites.

Brick laying robots however are now here. We covered some of the early developments in this newsletter outlining progress by Perth-based robotic technology company, Fastbrick Robotics. The one-armed robot bricklayer (working day and night, laying up to 1000 bricks an hour) has now demonstrated its commercial abilities. The first building, a 180 square metre three- bedroom house, has just been built in under three days (yes – you read that correctly). It’s being described as a milestone by its Perth-based creator and a "world first". So, the technology is now up and running.

Also, from Australia this week, announcements have been made by the Federal, Tasmanian and South Australian Governments that nearly AU$9 million in combined funding and industry support is being supplied for the inaugural round of forestry research projects, through the National Institute for Forest Products Innovation (NIFPI). A wide range of projects in this first round have already been identified for both the Launceston and Mt Gambier NIFPI centres.

With regular announcements now being made on completion of large engineered timber building projects in Australia, another one, has made it into the media this week. It’s the 52-metre-tall office tower called 25 King that has just been opened in Brisbane. It’s the tallest engineered timber building in Australia and it’s just one metre shy of the world’s tallest timber building, Brock Commons in Vancouver, completed in 2016. On that good news, enjoy this week’s read.

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Australia’s tallest engineered timber office building

A 52-metre-tall office tower made of engineered timber, designed by Bates Smart, has opened in Brisbane. The timber tower, dubbed 25 King, is the tallest engineered timber building in Australia.

It is just one metre shy of the world’s tallest timber building, Brock Commons in Vancouver, designed by Acton Ostry Architects, which was completed in 2016.

Engineered timber was used throughout 25 King, with a six metre by eight metre grid of exposed glue-laminated timber (glulam) columns with cross-laminated timber (CLT) cladding, as well as CLT flooring. The building features open office spaces across 10 floors, with exposed services. The offices make up the largest gross floor area for an engineered timber building in the world.

Philip Vivian, Bates Smart director, said, “Each time an engineered timber project completes, architects learn more about CLT’s potential as a new building material and how we can work and innovate with it on all types of buildings.

“This building marks a genuine commitment to CLT from the industry. It’s exciting to see the ideas take hold and evolve across the globe, and we’re happy to contribute with the lessons we’ve learned.” The building targets a six-star Green Star rating and a five-star NABERS Energy rating.

The previous building to hold the title of tallest timber office building in Australia was International House in Sydney’s Barangaroo by Tzannes. Both buildings were developed by Lendlease, which has developed a number of CLT projects including the Forté apartment building by Lendlease Design and the Library at The Dock, designed by Clare Design with Hayball, in Melbourne.

The tower is part of the AU$2.9-billion Brisbane Showgrounds redevelopment in Fortitude Valley.


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First house in 3 days for Australian robotic bricklayer

Australia’s one-armed robot bricklayer has just built its first house in under three days, a milestone described by its Perth-based creator as a "world first". Robotic technology company FBR Ltd says the Hadrian X, the commercial version of its robot, built a 180-square metre, three-bedroom, two-bathroom home in less than the targeted three days.

"What we have achieved here is a quantum leap for the construction industry," chief executive Mike Pivac said. "We are excited by the performance and results, given this work was completed in test speed and for the very first time."

The feat was accomplished after completing Factory Acceptance Testing of the Hadrian X construction robot. A structural engineering consultancy group verified the structure met relevant building standards.

"We are all justifiably proud and excited to have achieved this world first milestone for FBR," Pivac said. "We now have the world’s only fully automated, end-to-end bricklaying solution, with a massive market waiting for it.

"We will now take everything we’ve learnt to date in the Hadrian X program and make some refinements ahead of bringing both Hadrian X robots back to our High Wycombe facility for demonstration to key commercial stakeholders.

"We now begin the next exciting phase for the company, as we execute our global commercialisation strategy to capitalise on the significant demand for our technology."

The Hadrian X requires minimal human interaction and works day and night, laying up to 1000 bricks an hour, about the output of two human bricklayers for a day.

Source: Sydney Morning Herald

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Latest Australian Timber Market Survey released

The September quarter 2018 Timber Market Survey (TMS) shows prices for untreated MGP10 and MGP12 products increased between 2.8% and 5.6%, while price movements for treated F7 products were more moderate and within +/- 1.0%. Outdoor treated softwood products continued their recent trend of price rises, increasing between 3.8% and 4.5% over the three months to the end of September.

Contrary to many solid timber prices, panel product price movements were mostly downwards, ranging between -2.8% and -0.3%. Particleboard products were the exception to this trend showing moderate price increases over the quarter. Quarterly price movements for all LVL and I-joist/I-beam products monitored by the TMS were upwards and ranged between 1.3% and 1.8%.

The TMS collects price data through quarterly surveys of a representative sample of timber market participants in eastern Australia. All quarterly TMS reports contain price movement information for softwood timber, panel and engineered wood products. The June and December quarter editions also include price movement information for hardwood timber products surveyed over a six-month period.

The TMS is prepared by Indufor and funded by nine major Australian forestry organisations: Forestry Corporation of NSW; VicForests; Hancock Victorian Plantations; HQPlantations; OneFortyOne Plantations; Queensland Government Department of Agriculture and Fisheries; Green Triangle Forest Products; AKD Softwoods; and Sustainable Timber Tasmania.

Further information and the latest Timber Market Survey report is available by clicking here.

Source: Indufor Group

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AU$35m investment in space and AI for Australia

Australia’s national science agency, CSIRO, is investing AU$35M in frontier research in Space Technology and Artificial Intelligence. The investment will include the development of advanced imaging of Earth from satellites, in addition to cutting-edge data science to support the growth of AI technology.

The investment is part of CSIRO’s Future Science Platforms (FSP) portfolio, aimed at dedicating research to new and emerging opportunities for Australia. They aim to help reinvent old and create new industries, as well as grow the capability of a new generation of researchers through specially-created student places in these ‘future’ fields.

Space Technology and Artificial Intelligence join eight other areas of future science, including in the fields of health and energy. By 2022, the CSIRO Future Science Platforms program will have invested AU$205M since it was launched in 2016.

Space Technology will receive AU$16M to identify and develop the science to leapfrog traditional technologies and find new areas for Australian industry to work in. It will initially focus on advanced technologies for Earth observation, and then address challenges such as space object tracking, resource utilisation in space, and developing manufacturing and life support systems for missions to the Moon and Mars.

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning will receive AU$19M to target AI-driven solutions for areas including food security and quality, health and wellbeing, sustainable energy and resources, resilient and valuable environments, and Australian and regional security.

The primary research areas include platforms to improve prediction and understanding of complex data; platforms to enable trustworthy inferences and risk-based decisions; and data systems to enable ethical, robust and scalable AI.

CSIRO’s investment in Space Technology builds on the launch of CSIRO’s Space Roadmap for Australia and supports the newly formed Australian Space Agency’s goal of tripling the size of the domestic space sector to AU$10-12bn by 2030. It will also grow CSIRO’s 75 years of work in space, and role as a leading technology provider to the space sector.

A full list of CSIRO’s Future Science Platforms is available here.

Source: CSIRO

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AU$9 million for new forestry research

The Australian Forest Products Association (AFPA) has welcomed the announcements by the Federal, Tasmanian and South Australian Governments, of nearly AU$9 million in combined funding and industry support for the inaugural round of research projects, through the National Institute for Forest Products Innovation (NIFPI), Chief Executive Officer of AFPA, Mr Ross Hampton said.

The Launceston NIFPI centre will benefit from a total of AU$5.5 million of contributions for projects, including from industry, while the Mount Gambier NIFPI centre will attract AU$3.3 million through the inaugural round.

The Launceston centre’s projects will include research around remotely acquired forestry data, enhancing the durability of Tasmanian hardwoods and developments in engineered structural timber products, while the Mount Gambier centre has new projects that will focus on worker safety, forest water use, forest management and advanced remote sensing.

“We know of course that this is just the first round for both centres and that the Federal Government has also announced the establishment of at least two further NIFPI centres through the National Forest Industries Plan” Mr Hampton said.

Find out more about the NIFPI recipients and the round one projects here.

Source: AFPA

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Southland Youth Futures working with students

Southland Youth Futures is a community programme being run in the lower part of New Zealand. It’s linking young people with career and training opportunities in primary sector-related industries - farming, horticulture, forestry, primary processing, manufacturing, trades, environmental monitoring, science and technology, professional support services (farm consulting, accountancy, legal etc), exporting.

Local forestry company, Rayonier Matariki, actively supports the programme, as coordinator Allison Beckham explains. “Southland Youth Futures began in mid-2015 and has been growing steadily ever since. We work with almost 60 employers; all 15 secondary schools in Southland (and one in West Otago); training providers; foundation studies providers; industry organisations; local councils; Government agencies.

“Rayonier/Matariki Forests’ Southland office is the only forestry company contributing to SYF at present and became an Employer Excellence Partner almost two years ago. Since then Rayonier staff have spoken at 10 school talks reaching 825 students, and hosted two forest tours for a small number of students (there are a few logistical difficulties with forest visits so we keep the numbers small).

Last year Rayonier also contributed to the cost of bringing a forestry harvesting simulator and operator to Invercargill for CareerFest Southland. We also travelled to Mosgiel (near Dunedin) and set it up at Taieri College for a few hours.

“The aim of our programme is to get young people inspired about a possible career path while they are still in education, hopefully so they do not leave education and fall into the deep black hole of unemployment. Also, there are many employers in Southland very keen to recruit enthusiastic young people, either straight from school or after they have completed tertiary training. Increasingly, the larger companies are identifying school leavers they like and supporting them through apprenticeships or graduate programmes. Southland has a rapidly ageing workforce and we need to ensure there are suitably trained young people coming up through the ranks to take their places”.

“We co-ordinate employer talks in schools, and workplace visits. We also do careers expos, interview skills seminars, provide industry information and Southland labour market information and contacts to careers advisers etc, and help employers upskill their recruitment and workplace practices. Over the past few months we have also begun promoting level-entry job opportunities suitable for young people on the SYF Facebook page. I also contribute where I can to industry organisations including the Southern Wood Council”.

“This year there have been 16 talks at 15 schools reaching 1375 students. These have involved 56 speakers representing 41 different companies - a pretty good result. This year’s tour has involved taking 178 students and 23 teachers/tutors from 15 schools and foundation education courses to 10 different workplaces ranging from software development offices and the aluminium smelter at Tiwai to a robotic dairy farm and the forest.

Photo: Staff from Rayonier/Matariki Forests and Fisken Wood show a group of students from Aurora College, Invercargill, a working log harvesting site and talked about career opportunities in forestry operations and management. The Rayonier staff who hosted the group were Acacia Farmery, Hannah Lawson, and Matt Thwaites.

Source: Southland Youth Futures

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Government and NZ industry back wood energy

New Zealand’s Energy and Resources Minister Megan Woods, has given a resounding endorsement for bioenergy, saying “wood energy will make a significant contribution” to New Zealand’s transition to a low emissions economy, as she formally opened Fonterra’s wood energy co-firing system in Nelson.

Officially switching on the new fuel blending system at Fonterra’s Brightwater site, the Minister celebrated the first milk processing plant to co-fire with woody biomass, a change which will see at least a 25 percent reduction in its greenhouse gas emissions, equivalent to taking 530 cars permanently off the road.

Woods said she wanted to ensure that New Zealand takes full advantage of its renewable energy potential and opportunities and applauded Fonterra’s efforts in reducing emissions. “Switching from coal to wood energy is what we would like to see more of in New Zealand,” she said.

Also attending the launch, Andrew Caseley, Chief Executive of EECA, which contributed NZ$250,000 to the Brightwater project, congratulated Fonterra for championing the move to renewable wood energy, thereby “showing large industrial processors that such initiatives will work and are part of the future”. He added that we have a significant challenge to convert these processors off fossil fuels and onto renewables, such as biomass.

Brook Brewerton, General Manager of Azwood Energy, which supplies wood energy across New Zealand and wood fuel for the Brightwater plant, said Fonterra’s forward-facing decision to co-fire with woody biomass demonstrates “that co-firing, on a commercial scale, is a viable option to reduce our emissions and meet our 2030 and 2050 targets”.

Brewerton pointed out that the wood energy used yearly at Brightwater alone will remove 2,000 tonne of wood residue from forestry slash sites. “Biomass is a proven technology with a long-term, secure, mapped supply strategy,” said Brewerton, who predicts its use could drastically reduce New Zealand’s emissions in the next five years.

Brewerton said Azwood Energy, who developed the prototype fuel blending system for Fonterra, is working with schools, hospitals and industry across New Zealand to convert to the resourceful use of biomass. He said Fonterra is a key player in the transition to a low emissions economy and fuel-switching at Brightwater demonstrated Fonterra’s commitment to renewable and resourceful energy sources.

Speaking on behalf of Fonterra, Head of Manufacturing, Alan Van Der Nagel, thanked Azwood Energy for contributing to the 2017 trial, which facilitated the fuel-switching. Van Der Nagel said widespread benefits would accrue from the Brightwater conversion, with learnings to be applied to a “longer-term co-firing strategy for other boilers across the country,” in accordance with Fonterra’s 2017 Road Map to Transition to a Low Emissions Future.

The Road Map sets out a plan for Fonterra to reach net-zero emissions by 2050 across all its sites. Van Der Nagel said the Brightwater wood-fuel co-firing conversion demonstrates what a sustained and collaborative approach between government, NGOs and business can achieve.

Brewerton later added that the containerised fuel blending system could be transported for R&D trials anywhere across New Zealand for organisations that have an appetite to economically reduce their emissions and extend the life of their energy systems.

Source: Scoop

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New PEFC benchmark standards endorsed

Endorsed following a vote of the PEFC General Assembly in Switzerland, Responsible Wood is proud to announce that new Sustainable Forest Management and Group Forest Management Certification benchmark standards have been developed for use.

Representing Responsible Wood, the PEFC National Governing Body in Australia, Simon Dorries advised that the new benchmark standards are an important step in lifting the environmental and social credentials of forest certification.

“In Australia we are currently preparing for a revision of AS 4708 – Sustainable Forest Management. As an Australian Standard, with the international endorsement from PEFC, our standards must meet all PEFC benchmarks for forest management.”

“We welcome the expansion of social requirements to include minimum wages for forest workers, equal opportunities for employment, non-discrimination, gender equality and enhanced provisions to safe guard the interests of indigenous peoples.”

“Certification has an important role to play in forest management, the Responsible Wood ‘trust mark’ ensures that all paper and wood-based products are sourced from a responsible origin; our ‘trust mark’ is a must for all conscious purchase of timber or paper in Australia and across the world,” Mr Dorries said.

Approval by the PEFC General Assembly is the final step in the development and revision of our standards. The revision of these two benchmark standards began in 2016, and it has taken the input of numerous experts and hundreds of stakeholders to reach this point. But the work doesn’t stop there – now comes the implementation process!

So, what has changed?

Sustainable Forest Management

The PEFC Sustainable Forest Management benchmark is at the core of what we do. It provides the basis for the requirements that forest owners or managers must meet to achieve PEFC certification at local level.

This new benchmark extends the impact of PEFC certification beyond forests and enhances its contribution to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We have expanded the social requirements to include minimum wages for forest workers, equal opportunities for employment and non-discrimination, and promote gender equality. There are also enhanced provisions designed to safeguard the interests of indigenous peoples.

With the inclusion of Trees outside Forests(TOF), PEFC certification will become accessible to the millions of farmers and smallholders that do not own or manage forests, but rather trees on agricultural or settlement land that are currently outside the scope of certification.

Find out more about the changes by listening to our two webinars: Sustainable Forest Management and Trees outside Forests.

Group Forest Management Certification

This benchmark defines the general requirements for forest certification systems with group certification, enabling the certification of a number of forest owners under one certificate.

Group certification works through a combination of internal and external auditing. As smallholders can pool resources and jointly apply for certification, costs are substantially lower, helping make certification accessible. However, this means that internal auditing must work flawlessly.

The revised benchmark provides an innovative framework for internal monitoring and auditing in certified groups. This includes improved requirements for internal auditing, such as risk-based sampling groups and minimum sample size, as well as strengthening the management system of the group itself.

This framework provides additional safeguards assuring compliance of everyone within a group with PEFC requirements, while enabling smallholders to benefit from affordable certification.

Photo: The Responsible Wood delegation at the PEFC General Assembly (Simon Dorries, Mark Thomson and Hans Drielsma)

Source: Responsible Wood

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Timber Queensland Board elected

Timber Queensland held its Annual General Meeting last week. A unanimous decision by members present, elected Mr. James Hyne, Stakeholder Engagement Manager, Hyne Timber as the new Chair and Mr. Paul Bidwell Deputy Chief Executive, Master Builders Queensland as Deputy Chair.

Timber Queensland Chair Mr. James Hyne said the incoming Board has a strong eye to the future given the significant potential for further industry growth and development. “A key strength of the industry body is its diversity of members and Directors who understand all facets of the industry and the opportunities that are available for future growth,” said Mr. Hyne.

“Timber Queensland provides a united, powerful voice on political, technical, market development, industrial and environmental issues. As an industry, we have a positive story to tell as timber really is the ultimate renewable,” he said.

The other Directors elected at the AGM included:

- Skene Finlayson, Managing Director, Finlayson Timber and Hardware
- Robert Tapiolas, Director, Parkside Group
- Curly Tatnell, Chairman, DTM Timber
- Doug Simms, Managing Director, Simms Group
- Islay Robertson, Chief Operating Officer, HQPlantations
- John Ryan, Fabrication Sales Manager, Sunshine Mitre 10
- Bob Engwirda, Chief Executive Officer, Hurfords Wholesale

“We also look forward to the launch of the Queensland Parliamentary Friends of the Queensland Forest and Timber Industry Network in 2019, with the inaugural reception to take place in the Premier’s Hall on 27 February,” Mr. Hyne said.

Timber Queensland Chief Executive Officer, Mick Stephens said the Board has identified some key priorities going forward, including long-term resource security and manufacturing competitiveness, including low cost energy and opportunities such as promotion of bioenergy.

“Now, more than ever before, our industry’s future rests on Government decisions that will be made during the next few years. These decisions will impact resource availability and will influence manufacturing investment and the use of our products in the built environment,” said Mr. Stephens.

Source: Timber Queensland

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Construction robot the future of building?

Maybe they’re not quite there – but you better believe it – they’re not too far away. A new video from AIST, Japan's National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, shows a prototype robot designed to work on construction sites in situations where there is a shortage of human workers. The robot in undeniably slow but also strikingly accurate, suggesting a future where humanoid robots could replace even more human jobs.

The prototype demonstration shows the robot, dubbed HRP-5P, picking up a piece of plaster board and screwing it into a wall. This kind of flexible humanoid robot is designed to be able to replicate human motions in complicated construction environments.

Industrial automation is rapidly changing the face of modern mass production. While large factory assembly lines are quickly becoming more and more robotic, human workers are still often necessary for many tasks. Aircraft assembly, for example, is one field that has resisted the kind of robotic assembly that has taken over the world of car production. This is because human workers are still needed to crawl and fit in different areas that larger fixed robotic systems simply cannot reach.

On-site construction is another field that similarly has resisted easy robotic automation, with human labour still primarily relied upon for the building of houses in situ. Automated brick-laying robots and massive robotic 3D-printers are certainly offering intriguing possibilities for the future of construction but ultimately we still need humans to hammer these buildings together.

This new Japanese research is less focused on removing the need for human workers but instead geared towards trying to deal with a problem unique to the island nation. Announcing the new robot, the researchers write: "Along with the declining birth rate and the aging of the population, it is expected that many industries such as the construction industry will fall into serious manual shortages in the future, and it is urgent to solve this problem by robot technology."

HRP-5P is not by any means the most advanced robot we have ever seen (the backflipping Atlas from Boston Dynamics arguably shows off a greater dynamic range). However, by directly designing a robot that can carry out heavy manual labour using similar movements to a human, AIST is gesturing toward a future where even more granular construction work can be taken over by robots.


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Contest for International Day of Forests 2019

It’s the International Day of Forests on 21 March 2019 and the theme this year is forests and education.

To help mark the day, we’re inviting teachers and instructors to send us a short video that shows how they teach future generations about the importance of forests.

The winner will travel to Rome on 21 March to help celebrate the International Day of Forests! Deadline for entries is 15 December 2018.

Visit the International Day of Forests website to learn more: Source:

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Log availability for CNI plant – a clarification

The 2 November issue of Friday Offcuts ran a story entitled ‘Green light for new particle board plant’. This was reproduced from BusinessDesk and the article discussed the recent OIO approval for the Guangxi Fenglin Wood Industry (Fenglin) particle board mill in Kawerau, New Zealand.

The article noted that the Wood Processors and Manufacturers Association of NZ had raised concerns over the availability of fibre for the new plant, given existing demand from current wood fibre users in the region. The article then goes on to say “However, an evaluation of wood fibre availability for New Zealand Trade and Enterprise by Finland forestry consultancy Indufor concluded there is more than enough wood available to support an additional 700,000 cubic metres of domestic fibre demand”.

There are a couple of points raised by the BusinessDesk article that need to be clarified.

“…by Finland forestry consultancy company Indufor…”

This statement could give the impression that the project was undertaken from afar with little local context. While Indufor does have an office in Helsinki, this particular project was undertaken by Indufor’s Auckland office. In the course of the study, interviews and/or phone discussions were held with most of the large forest owners, wood processors, and fibre customers in the region. Indufor also undertakes appraisals, resource assessments, and market studies throughout NZ, including the Central NI.

“… Indufor concluded there is more than enough wood available to support an additional 700,000 cubic metres of domestic fibre demand”.

The above sentence is correctly reproduced from the executive summary of the report. However, to reproduce just this sentence, without the wider context of the report can give a quite incorrect impression of the project findings.

The quoted sentence was embedded in the following paragraph: “In the year ended March 2017, some 47% of the Central NI annual harvest was exported (5.4 million m3). There is more than enough wood available to support an additional 700 000 m3 of domestic fibre demand. The question becomes the availability by fibre type (and hence fibre cost)”. This is making the point that there is a significant excess of production over domestic demand at an aggregate level but leads into the issue of availability by log type.

This is expanded on further into the report: “Low quality, small diameter logs were traditionally consumed by the domestic industrial fibre customers. These have experienced strengthening demand in recent years. This is primarily a result of a buoyant log export market competing directly for a similar specification product, as well as solid domestic demand. As a result, the domestic industrial fibre consumers must import logs from regions outside of the Central NI, as well as use industrial and small sawlogs that could otherwise be exported. This highlights that the shortfall is an economic rather than physical deficit.”.

While the scope of the project did not extend to a detailed assessment on the impact on fibre prices, Indufor was asked to comment, at a high level, on possible price effects. The analysis showed that a particle board mill would be able to make use of currently under-utilised forest residues, as well as periodic sawdust surpluses. However, “… the balance of the new demand (350 000 m3 p.a.) will need to be fulfilled by logs currently being exported (mostly industrial grade and small sawlogs), as well as further inter-region transfer of logs and woodchips. This will push up the average delivered cost of fibre to all fibre users in the North Island.”

I should add that this statement was based on the domestic sawmilling capacity as at mid-2017. The report highlights that any expansion of the sawmilling base, and corresponding additional production of woodchip, sawdust, and shavings will reduce the impact on overall fibre price. In addition, developing cost effective means of uplifting forest cutover residues would also assist in containing fibre feedstock prices.

Hopefully this article has put more colour around the overall conclusions of the report. The full report and executive summary are available in the public domain for those readers interested in the more detailed findings.

Source: Nigel Chandler, Indufor Asia Pacific Ltd

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An eco-friendly wooden laptop

The Irish company, iameco (read it as I Am Eco), known for manufacturing eco-friendly computers and its accessories has recently unveiled a wooden laptop. The new iameco D4R laptop is the first genuine eco-friendly, touchscreen computer built with zero-toxic materials and is configured with high-performing machinery.

iameco team collaborated with the industry and academia comprising the Fraunhofer Institute in Berlin, Taiwan’s GAIA in the Basque Country and AUO Optronics and the University of Limerick in Ireland to build the eco-friendly computer.

While developing the new laptop, the design team of the company kept in mind the following goals – “achieve a decrease of at least 30% in Greenhouse Gas emissions; at least 70% of overall re-use and recycling of waste; and a reduction of at least 75% of fresh water utilization.”

The team achieved all these goals through “lifetime extension strategies.” It utilizes “recycled wood for the casing, recycled paper and cardboard for packaging and reusable electronic components such as motherboards, cables, RAM modules and power supplies.”

The iameco laptops are encased in boxes made of natural timber including maple, beech and ash. Further, the company claims that these wooden computers will last three times longer than the traditional setup, counting up to ten years. It added that as the wood gets mature, its appearance will also refine with the age.

iameco created a modular design for the wooden laptop so that over the course time if any of the components wears out, it can be replaced. The re-usability factor infused into the laptop will eventually reduce e-waste which is a raving issue of the 21st century.

In addition, the company eliminated all toxic materials used in the usual computer production process like heavy metals including lead, mercury and cadmium and harmful chemicals like brominated flame retardants and PVCs. The iameco laptop utilizes one-third energy than the standard computer design, though featuring similar high-performance capacities. More>>.


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Buy and Sell

... and one to end the week on ... the password

The oldies amongst us can all relate to this one. Why seniors never change their password....


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Boiled cabbage


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1 boiled cabbage


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USER: ReallyPissedOff50DamnBoiledCabbagesShovedUpYour***IfYouDontGiveMeAccessNow


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And on that note, enjoy your weekend. Cheers.

Brent Apthorp
Editor, Friday Offcuts
Distinction Dunedin Hotel
6 Liverpool Street, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
PO Box 904, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
Tel: +64 (03) 470 1902, Mob: +64 21 227 5177, Fax: +64 (03) 470 1906
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This week's extended issue, along with back issues, can be viewed at< /a>

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