New insights on koalas in hinterland forests

Friday 10 Aug 2018

A major new study that records forest sounds has found evidence for up to 10 times the rate of koala occupancy in NSW’s north-east forests than previously estimated. The NSW Department of Primary Industries (DPI) project, which focused on the iconic marsupial’s response to timber harvesting, involved more than 14,500 hours of audio recorded over three years to measure the bellows of male koalas.

DPI Principal Research Scientist Dr Brad Law said the new technique saw SongMeter devices installed at 171 sites in the north-east, in many State forests, National Parks and reserves.

“Koalas are surprisingly difficult to detect – they are cryptic animals especially in tall forests, yet their bellows echo through the forest at night during the spring mating season, making this new survey method particularly effective,” he said.

The study region spanned more than 1.7 million hectares of mapped koala habitat – from the ranges and tablelands of north-east NSW, to the Hunter River in the south and the Queensland border in the north. Sites were located in the public forests of the coast and ranges, but avoided previously cleared valleys and private land surrounding towns where koalas are known to be declining due to urbanisation.

Over three breeding seasons, researchers found that 65 per cent of survey sites (the small zone surrounding each Song Meter) on average were occupied by at least one male koala.

“We found that occupancy was influenced by elevation, cover of important browse trees, site productivity and extent of wildfire in the last 10 years,” Dr Law said. “Interestingly, past timber harvesting did not influence koala occupancy. There was no difference in results between heavily harvested, lightly harvested and old growth sites.

“Time since harvesting and the amount of harvesting in the local area did not influence occupancy. There was also no difference between National Park and State forest sites.”

Dr Law said for many years, specific environmental protections have been in place in State forests, and the results of this project are an important step in assessing the effectiveness of past forestry management practices. “Our results also support proposed improvements like broader protection triggered by mapping koala habitat,” he said.

For more information on Dr Law’s project, visit

Photo: Dr Brad Law with the SongMeter audio recording technology on a koala food tree

Source: DPI

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