OECD report ranks countries on digital technologies
Among the findings in the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017, Australia is a leader in using tax incentives to support business R&D but has one of the lowest shares of robot uptake of OECD countries, while New Zealand is a world leader in the Internet of Things sector. The report shows that China now ranks among the top five economies – along with Chinese Taipei, Japan, Korea and the United States – in developing cutting-edge digital technologies and is producing more and better quality scientific research. India and eastern European countries are also increasing their weight in science and innovation.
Download a summary of Australia highlights
Download a summary of New Zealand highlights
Key findings in the 2017 Scoreboard include:
- Korea and Japan are the leaders in robot intensity – measured as the number of robots used in a sector divided by the overall value created by that sector, giving a sense of the pace of automation relative to industry size . Robot intensity is rising in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovak Republic and Slovenia, and in the BRICS, most notably in China which is fast catching up to US levels.
- The Internet of Things, or machine-to-machine communication via Internet-connected devices such as vehicles, sensors or home appliances, is growing fast. China had the most SIM cards in machines in 2017 at 228 million subscriptions, accounting for 44% of global M2M connections and three times the US share. In terms of M2M cards per person,New Zealand ranks second in the world after Sweden, well ahead of the US and UK.Australia stands just below the OECD average.
- The number of artificial intelligence technologies patented in the 5 top IP offices rose by 6% a year on average over 2010-15, led by Japan. Japan, Korea and the US together accounted for over 62% of AI-related IP5 patent applications, down from 70% in 2000-05 as filings rose from China and Chinese Taipei. EU countries contributed to 12% of the top AI inventions, down from 19% in the previous decade.
- The US has the biggest share of the world’s top 10% most-cited scientific publications, and China has overtaken the UK to lie in second place after tripling its high-impact output in a decade. The US share of top-cited research fell from 38% in 2005 to 26% in 2016, the UK slipped from 8% to 6% and China increased its share from 4% to 14%. Australia stands in ninth place with 3%.
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