Friday Offcuts 29 June 2018
Laser technologies being employed such as P3D (Chile), Mabema (Sweden), TimSpect Systems (Sweden) and the Logmeter Systems (Chile) as used by forest products companies in North and South America and Europe have been explored by local companies as part of this latest series. Forico, a Tasmanian forest management company outlined how they’ve just installed the first Logmeter log scanning system in Oceania as the company moves from a weighbridge to a volumetric point of sale. Other vision systems developed in Europe for photo-optical log measurement including Dralle (Denmark), Fovea (Germany) and Timbeter (Estonia) were described with the Timbeter system able to be demonstrated by the Estonian company at both events. For those attending this latest series, information relating to the downloading of presentations is expected to be sent out later next week.
News this week includes a recent report out of the US reporting that U.S. lumber prices have risen 62 percent since January 2017, demand for housing is now outstripping supply and labour shortages are continuing to hamper the construction industry. Almost 230,000 building sector jobs remain unfilled. It’s a similar story to the dire situation reported on last week of truck driver shortages across B.C leaving log trucks sitting idle. With a third of the lumber used in the U.S. being drawn from Canada, lumber tariffs have also pushed up the price of a typical home by $9,000. So, housing shortages and rising construction costs aren’t unique to this part of the world.
We cover a story that might go some way to solving the issue though. 3D printing of houses. Ok, so you’ve heard this one before. But this time though, apparently, they’re underway. The Dutch city of Eindhoven is reportedly the first in the world to have habitable homes constructed using a 3D printer. The project backers believe the innovation is going to revolutionise the construction industry. Of the first five new houses to be put on the rental market next year, the smallest, with two bedrooms, has already reportedly attracted applications from 20 interested families just a week after images were made available so watch this space.
In New Zealand, recognising that the current housing shortage isn’t going to be fixed anytime soon, the Government has just called for interest from local and overseas companies to set up new or expand existing off-site manufacturing factories. They’ve now admitted, that the country just doesn’t have the scale or capacity in the construction sector at the moment to build the number of houses needed under their KiwiBuild programme that's targeting building 100,000 affordable homes for first-time buyers over 10 years. Further coverage and comment can be found here.
Finally, remember that early-bird discounted registrations to this region’s major forest safety series FINISH tomorrow. Further details and registrations can be made on the event website, forestsafety.events. Enjoy this week’s read.
This week we have for you:
Forestry innovation research grants openThe Australian and Tasmanian governments continue to support advances in a sustainable and productive forestry industry with wood product innovation set to grow the sector. Assistant Minister for Agriculture and Water Resources, Senator Anne Ruston, and Tasmanian Minister for Resources, Guy Barnett, have called for applications for a share of AU$4 million in research grants through the National Institute for Forest Products Innovation Launceston Hub.
Grants will range from AU$50,000 to $500,000 for periods of up to three years. Minister Ruston said “we are looking for projects that industry will adopt to improve their productivity, the productivity of our forests and how we process or use wood.” Minister Barnett said basing one of only two national innovation hubs in Launceston was a real demonstration of the expertise and world-leading forestry industry sustained in Tasmania.
“We are looking for researchers that can provide real and practical outcomes in areas like forest management, timber processing, wood fibre recovery, value adding, advanced manufacturing and the bio-economy,” Minister Barnett said. “We want to see the best ideas from across the forestry, academic and scientific sectors to come up with the ideas that will keep lifting the value of the sector,” he said.
Further information including application guidelines is available at the National Institute for Forest Products Innovation website. Applications close on 13 July 2018.
The National Institute for Forest Products Innovation hub in Launceston is co-funded by the Australian and Tasmanian governments, supporting the forest industry in Tasmania and across the nation. It is one of only two forestry institute hubs in Australia with the other based in Mt Gambier, South Australia.
Proposals for KiwiBuild off-site factories to be soughtThe NZ Government will invite companies to express their interest in setting up or expanding off-site manufacturing factories to make KiwiBuild homes, Housing and Urban Development Minister Phil Twyford has announced.
“Cabinet has decided the Government will seek interest from both local and overseas companies to come forward with their plans,” Phil Twyford says. “One of the challenges for KiwiBuild is there isn’t the scale and capacity in the construction sector to build the number of houses New Zealand needs.
“Since KiwiBuild launched in November, we’ve been approached by a number of highly capable international and domestic companies who are already using innovative methods such as off-site manufacturing to build quality houses quicker and more efficiently.
“High tech manufacturing of homes, as is done in Europe and North America, could allow us to build KiwiBuild homes at scale and pace. Off-site manufacturing is significantly more productive so more homes can be built from the available workforce. It will help address some of the constraints the construction sector faces until we can train enough local builders.
“Innovative new products used in off-site manufacturing such as cross laminated timber can dramatically speed up the time it takes to build houses – an estimated two to four times faster. “Housing NZ’s use of locally sourced and manufactured cross laminated timber has resulted in their houses being built in four to five months instead of 14-18 months”.
“PrefabNZ said earlier this year that off-site factory-built houses and apartments could see more than 7000 additional homes build every year from 2020. Ultimately this could mean we see large-scale factories established in New Zealand, working alongside existing off-site manufacturing companies and creating more jobs, more skills and more houses”.
“Off-site manufacturing will be a game changer for New Zealand housing,” Phil Twyford says.
Forest owners vow to deal with forest harvest slashForest Owners say the industry is focused on measures to make sure a repeat of the recent floods transporting harvest debris out of forests and into Tolaga Bay isn’t repeated 25 years from now. Forest Owners President Peter Weir says different silvicultural planning and improved forest engineering and harvest management in sensitive landscapes will reduce the risk considerably.
“I’ve been through the Tolaga Bay region yesterday. I can absolutely understand the feelings of downstream residents and farmers whose homes and land has been inundated with forest debris. Our member companies in the area have already done a good job in cleaning up the beach and are doing what they can to clean up the mess on neighbouring farms. But I can appreciate the frustration of the landowners and why they wouldn’t be very interested in me trying to explain that new replant rules under the Resource Management Act will take years to have an effect.”
“It’s a priority for our forest engineers, planners and managers to work with scientists, as well as local and central government, to make sure we reduce the risk of similar debris floods,” Peter Weir says. “In the immediate term, we are printing a revised set of harvest slash management guidelines and making them widely available. We want to make best forest practise a universal practise.”
“The industry will be putting more resources into understanding the mechanisms of hillside failures and what can be done to stop wood being entrained by them or reducing the impact if they do occur. We’ve already invested in research on how effective riparian strips of trees are in blocking debris carried by floods. The results showed they work well on a broad flood plain, but riparian strips aren’t as effective in steep incised headwater streams.”
Peter Weir says that research highlights how there are no easy solutions. “The Tolaga Bay debris-floods occurred in a landscape that had been devastated by Cyclone Bola 30 years ago. The erosion control measures which followed saw large areas of trees planted all at the same time. Trees, plantation or otherwise, are the only effective way of holding that highly erodible land together.”
“It’s very apparent that climate change is bringing more and more intense rainstorms to some regions. We want to work with other land-users and regulators to identify high risk areas and then reduce that risk of damage from the resulting floods to vulnerable communities.”
Source: Forest Owners Association
Call for calmness on the East coastThe head of the Forest Industry Contractors Association has called for calmness by the public in the wake of recent storm damage events on the east coast of New Zealand. CEO Prue Younger says their members fully sympathise with forestry block neighbours who have been impacted, but stresses contractors have been doing an acceptably good job logging difficult country. Logging contractors are willing and able to help in whatever way they can to be “good neighbours” and assist in the cleanup, which is already well underway.
The group is concerned about the pressures some contractors are under, the effects of ongoing negative public and political comment and financial hardship as income drops. Prue Younger has asked for patience and support from everyone affected and involved as we all work together to clean up the storm debris.
Issues around downstream impacts of land use are certainly not a forestry issue alone. New Zealand is dealing with major water quality issues, and forestry is part of that discussion. Any land use has costs and benefits associated with social, economic and environmental outcomes. There needs to be a sound science-based evaluation of land use, whether that involves, forestry, farming or land retirement. In recent years Nelson and Northland have suffered similar events.
The issues of forest debris, land use, soil erosion and sedimentation are complex, as is our geology. There is a lot of scientific knowledge out there, this needs to be reviewed and where there are gaps, further study initiated to improve forest management practices where practicable, or alternate activities on the land where necessary.
NZ structural log prices hit 25-year highNew Zealand structural log prices rose to the highest level for 25 years as local mills compete with the export market to secure supply for the domestic construction market amid strong demand from China.
The average price for structural S1 logs increased to $135 a tonne this month, from $134 a tonne last month, and marking the highest level since 1993, according to AgriHQ's monthly survey of exporters, forest owners and saw millers. The average price for New Zealand A-grade export logs hit a four-year high of US$145/JAS from US$144/JAS last month, and US$132/JAS a year ago.
In New Zealand, sawmills are competing with the export market to source logs for local construction, at a time when demand in China has stepped up after Asia's largest economy clamped down on the harvesting of its own forests and reduced tariffs on imported logs to meet demand in its local market.
"Export markets have remained an enticing avenue for log traders and there’s little to suggest this will change in the coming months," AgriHQ analyst Reece Brick said in his report. "China’s appetite for NZ logs means it’s still the price-setter for sales into other countries."
Nearly all AgriHQ survey respondents reported steady or marginally firmer pricing across structural S1 logs in the latest market survey, Brick noted. The winter weather had slowed harvesting in some areas but had come at an opportune time as some North Island mills were experiencing softer-than-expected local demand for structural timber due to caution across the New Zealand housing sector, he said.
"Whether or not harvesting remains disrupted in the coming weeks is unlikely to make much difference to the medium-term direction of the domestic sales," Brick said. "The pull of the export market is still pushing forest owners to try and negotiate contracts at or near the export market level. This is a situation that is very unlikely to change in the next few months."
The volume of logs being taken from Chinese ports had slowed as a result of shorter working hours due to hot summer temperatures, however isn't uncommon at this time of year and coincides with slower harvesting in New Zealand, which should keep the market in balance in coming months, Brick said.
WoodTECH 2018 series details now outAs outlined in a previous issue, we’ve been busy working alongside many dry-mill and wood manufacturing operations locally, local and global tech providers and researchers over the last couple of months. Many of our readers will have been involved. Thanks. Together, we’ve been designing the eagerly awaited WoodTECH 2018 series. It’s set to run firstly in Melbourne, Australia on 11-12 September and then again in Rotorua, New Zealand for wood producers on 18-19 September.
“Last year, we had a record turnout to the WoodTECH series” said FIEA Director, Brent Apthorp. “Over 400 sawmill managers, production and operational staff along with key tech providers attended. Exhibition booths actually sold out well in advance of the series being run. In fact, it was the largest gathering yet seen of sawmilling companies, saw-doctors and sawing technology providers from around the globe in Australasia”.
So, what’s on this year? Based on the feedback from last years’ event and discussions with producers on both sides of the Tasman, WoodTECH 2018 will be focussing on innovations and new technologies around dry-mill and wood manufacturing operations.
“The previous two WoodTECH events, 2017 and 2015 have both concentrated on sawmill scanning, sawing and green-mill optimisation technologies. It’s actually eight years ago since we’ve run a tech event in this area so it’s long overdue”.
The September series will be covering;
- Robotics and automation and changes being seen in wood manufacturing
- Advances in wood scanning and board optimisation
- Finger-jointing, cross cutting and ripping
- Timber gluing and laminating
- Timber machining
- Kiln drying
- Timber finishing
- Material handling operations
- Mill maintenance
- Changes to timber standards
- H&S, training and skills development
Registrations are already coming in. Programmes for both Australia and New Zealand have now been posted onto the event website, www.woodtech.events. Check them out.
“As well as more practical sessions aimed at mill production and operational staff, we have this year been able to build in technologies right at forefront of scanning, optimisation and wood handling technologies” says Brent Apthorp. “We’ve included advanced technologies like robotics, industrial exoskeletons which are being used increasingly in to reduce worker fatigue in the manufacturing environment, wearable technologies to harness the power of mobile connected employees on-site and laser cutting of wood in the series”.
Already, aside from leading Australian and New Zealand presenters, we’ve got major tech providers from Sweden, Germany, Italy, Slovakia, the USA and Canada who have lined up to present at WoodTECH 2018. As they did in 2017, exhibitors likewise, are going to provide an important tech update to local producers as part of this year’s series.
Programme information is on line. Registration details are also now live. Special discounted registration rates have been set up and limited spaces for exhibiting are still available. You can check all of the details out on the event website Woodtech.events.
Genera win Excellence in Innovation awardCongratulations to Mark Self and his Team at Genera on their recent success in the Export New Zealand Bay of Plenty Awards 2018. Genera won the Excellence in Innovation Awards for its work supporting the New Zealand forest industry through the introduction of phosphine as an in-transit fumigant and the development of methyl bromide scrubbing technologies.
The introduction of phosphine in 2001 has reduced the need for methyl bromide by close to 2000 tonnes per annum in 2018 (i.e. about 80% less than what would be needed if phosphine was not available). Recent developments of liquid scrubbing technologies for use at the end of fumigations prior to venting have further reduced methyl bromide emissions. From 2020 onward scrubbing technologies will need to be used in conjunction with methyl bromide fumigations.
Hawkes Bay timber leader farewelledVale Brian Alfred Pritchard, former Forests General Manager of Pan Pac Forest Products Ltd.
A message from the team at Pan Pac in Napier. It is with great sorrow and sadness that we have had to farewell our friend and former colleague, Brian. He was tragically taken from us by a vehicle accident while walking his dog on Thursday 14 June 2018.
Brian was the General Manager for the Forests team from 2000 until his retirement in April 2017. He had been with Pan Pac for over 44 years. His dedication and commitment was an integral part of the company’s growth and he will be dearly missed by everyone who had the privilege of knowing and working with him.
Throughout his career he was held in high regard through the business community, both locally and nationally. Brian was a much-loved partner of Trish Beals; devoted and loved dad to Kathy, Stephen, Jacqui and Amy; respected and loved stepfather of Kelly, Tracey, Leanne and Simon; totally and utterly adored grandfather; and poppa to his grandchildren and great-grandchildren.
Sensible solutions making forest safety smartA major conference series on forest safety practices is set to showcase how our forestry leaders have delivered both safety and productivity benefits for people across a range of workplaces. “Some of our most inspiring forestry leaders have developed safety improvements in both crew culture and harvesting technologies,” says Forest Industry Engineering Association spokesman, Gordon Thomson.
“We’re delighted to have skilled industry leaders outlining their teams’ experiences – especially people who know that safety and productivity can be improved simultaneously. It’s an intriguing line up of case studies for this year’s conference series,” he added.
“Many of our speakers have delivered real tangible safety results both in forestry and in similar industries. They will impart some really practical information. Many of them have been working with industry for a long time and know how to apply their solutions with forestry people and cultures,” adds Thomson.
Registrations are now open for the August 2018 conference series running in Rotorua and Melbourne. Thanks to great industry support, led by principal event partners McFall Fuel and VicForests, a special on-line early-bird delegate registration offer is now available for a limited time. Early-bird discount rates are available through to 30 June. For registrations and further details check out the event website; forestsafety.events.
Some of the ‘must-see’ keynote speakers include;
- Jono Brent, CEO, Connetics. A practical leader of electrical contractors he has developed a very applicable model that “does safety differently”. Jono’s teamwork and systems employed have been proven after being put in place in the aftermath of the Canterbury earthquakes.
- Wiremu Edmonds, Safety Coach, Tuakiri Ltd. Wiremu is a passionate industry consultant with thousands of hours of practical solutions. He has honed safety culture solutions with many forestry companies and teams in both New Zealand and abroad. He has harnessed the energy of his audiences and extended his depth of experience and practical solutions for both men and women in forestry crews.
- Lance Burdett, Founder, Warn International. Lance focuses on people-centred outcomes. He demonstrates how three key areas; communications, safety, and resiliency shape our every-day work.
Our industry-leading speakers are all practical industry leaders and safety champions. They have come forward to support the 4th FIEA Forest Safety & Technology Conference. This conference series sold out in 2017 and is running again in August 2018 in Rotorua and Melbourne.
The event runs on 8 August in Rotorua at the Distinction Hotel. The following week on 15th March, it runs at the Bayview Eden Hotel in Melbourne.
“We’ve teamed up with the Forest Industry Safety Council (FISC) to organise a workshop in addition to our one-day conference,” says Thomson. “Our conference delegates in New Zealand will get the opportunity to be part of a workshop led by Fiona Ewing of FISC. Fiona’s team are hosting a workshop after the conference so people can talk as well as listen to gain new information.”
In Australia there is a pan-industry workshop on the afternoon before the FIEA conference, from 1.00 to 5pm on 14th August also at the Bayview Eden Hotel in Melbourne. FIEA has worked with Stacey Gardiner from Australian Forest Contractors Association and Diana Lloyd of Forestworks in Australia to organise this programme.
Trump’s tariffs adding $9,000 to new buildHigher lumber costs, labor shortages and growing regulations are holding U.S. builders back as they try to ramp up construction to meet the huge demand for housing.
After starting about 850,000 single-family homes nationwide last year, builders around the country are forecast to construct almost 910,000 houses this year and increase production to 1 million homes by 2020, says Robert Dietz, chief economist of the National Association of Home Builders.
The rise in construction still won’t be enough, Dietz said at a meeting of the National Association of Real Estate Editors. “We probably need about 1.2 million single-family starts,” Dietz said at a gathering this week in Las Vegas. “We continue to under build single-family housing.”
Higher materials costs are also hammering the industry. A spike in lumber prices caused by the Trump administration’s tariffs on Canadian wood products is one of the biggest burdens on builders, Dietz said. Lumber prices in the U.S. have risen 62 percent since January 2017, Dietz said.
“We get a third of the lumber we use in the U.S. from Canada,” he said. “A lumber tariff is very much a tax on homebuyers. It’s pushed up the price of a typical home by $9,000.” Dietz said a lack of construction industry workers is also limiting homebuilding in many U.S. markets.
“Labor has been an issue of the industry for the last four or five years,” he said. “The job openings rate in the construction industry is now is actually higher than it was at the peak of the building boom,” even though builders are producing fewer houses than in the early 2000s. Almost 230,000 building sector jobs are unfilled, Dietz said.
Wood honoured at Structural Engineering NSW AwardsFour building projects won recognition at the ACSE Annual Excellence in Structural Engineering NSW awards. One project in particular was highly regarded by the judges. In the ‘Unusual Projects’ category, the decision was unanimous to award ‘Interloop’, a sculptural installation by artist Chris Fox that hangs from Wynyard Station ceiling.
The project was commissioned by TfNSW as part of the recent Wynyard Station upgrade and reuses the fabric of the original 244 heritage timber escalator treads which served Sydney’s commuters for over eight decades.
Structure Consulting Engineers and Bollinger Grohmann took on the challenge of working out how to suspend more than 50 metres of twisting concertina box sections weighing over five tonnes from the rivetted steel beams of the building.
“Interloop is a beautiful example of how engineers can make wonderful public art come to life – it is great to see engineers applying their skills beyond the traditional, and showing how they can work creatively with artists,” says Andrew Nimmo, president of the NSW Chapter of the Australian Institute of Architects.
In other categories, Taylor Thomson Whitting won in the Medium Projects ($6 million - $50 million) category with The Incubator at Macquarie University, and in the Large Products (above $50 million) category with Parliament Square in Hobart.
More exemplar projects.
Author: David Rowlinson, Make it Wood Program Manager
Source: Plant Ark, Make it Wood
World's first habitable 3D printed houses being builtThe Dutch city of Eindhoven is to be the first in the world to have habitable homes made by a 3D printer, in an innovation its backers believe will revolutionise the construction industry. Of the first five new houses to be put on the rental market next year, the smallest, with two bedrooms, has already attracted applications from 20 interested families just a week after images were made available.
Known as Project Milestone, the development is said by the Dutch construction company Van Wijnen to offer a solution to a shortage of skilled bricklayers in the Netherlands. The method will also cut costs and environmental damage by reducing the amount of cement that is used, said Rudy van Gurp, a manager at the firm, which is working in collaboration on the project with the Eindhoven University of Technology.
The 3D printer being used is essentially a huge robotic arm with a nozzle that squirts out a specially formulated cement, said to have the texture of whipped cream. The cement is “printed” according to an architect’s design, adding layer upon layer to create a wall, and increase its strength. “We have no need for the moulds used to create houses made with cement today, and so we will never use more cement than is necessary,” Van Gurp said.
Only the exterior and inner walls of the first of the new homes will be made using the printer, which will be located off-site. By the time the fifth of the homes is built – comprising three floors and three bedrooms – it is hoped that the drainage pipes and other necessary installations will also be made using the printer, which will be located on the site of the new houses, which will again reduce costs.
The use of 3D printing additionally opens the possibility of placing wireless sensors directly into the properties’ walls to allow a home to be fully “smart”, incorporating all the lighting, heating and security controls required.
Designers have described the style of the first set of homes being built by Van Wijnen as “erratic blocks in the green landscape”. They are said to illustrate the fact that 3D printing allows the construction of buildings of “almost any shape... whereas traditional concrete is very rigid in shape”. Van Gurp said, however, that the beauty of 3D printing was that people will in time be able to construct homes to suit their own tastes.
Van Gurp said he believed that the use of 3D printers in the construction of homes would be “mainstream” within five years. He said: “I think by then about 5% of homes will be made using a 3D printer. In the Netherlands we have a shortage of bricklayers and people who work outside and so it offers a solution to that.
“It will eventually be cheaper than the traditional methods. Bricklaying is becoming more and more expensive. Alongside, bricks and the use of timber, this will be a third way, which will look like stucco [plastered] houses, which people like.”
Eindhoven University of Technology has been a pioneer in 3D printing using concrete. Last year the south-eastern town of Gemert opened the world’s first 3D-printed cycle bridge, which had been made at the university.
Source: the guardian.com
Green graphite from forestry wasteA New Zealand company may have struck gold with its own modern-day philosopher's stone, turning waste sawdust into valuable graphite.Graphite is considered a 'strategic mineral' by the United States for its use in many applications, such as the significant component of lithium ion batteries.
CarbonScape chief executive Oliver Foster said there was a way to go before commercial production of graphite but producing the amount they had so far had been a significant milestone. More than 1 million tonnes of graphite was mined worldwide in 2016, with the bulk coming from China.
The majority of synthetic graphite was also produced in China using a high-energy, intensive process using petroleum pitch and tar, taking carbon out of the ground. CarbonScape head of research and development Greg Conner said producing graphite normally took 11 weeks and temperatures of 2800 degree Celsius.
More >> .
Source: Marlborough Express
How Tallwood is betting big on woodHow do we solve a problem like the housing crisis? Prefab NZ and Tallwood's Daiman Otto is betting on wood, emerging technologies and improved productivity.
New Zealand’s housing crisis has been a ubiquitous theme in recent years. During the election campaign, both major parties made the promise of more supply. After swimming to victory, the public is holding Labour to its promise of building 100,000 affordable homes.
Although it is early days, the vision is clear: ban overseas speculators from buying existing houses, collaborate with Housing New Zealand to stop the state houses sell off and establish the affordable housing authority through the Kiwibuild programme. Broadly, the government wants more supply, meaning more weight on the shoulders of the construction industry.
Productivity levels are also looking like a wet sock. According to a recent Branz report, productivity in the construction sector hasn’t improved in the last 20 years and most agree Auckland needs to double the amount of new homes being built to meet demand. Bids to fix the housing crisis feels like the ambulance at the bottom of the cliff, which begs the question – how can we expect efficient, affordable delivery on housing?
Daiman Otto thinks it could be through a combination of old and new. Otto is a board member of Prefab NZ as well as co-founder of Tallwood, a startup that combines the traditional material of wood with cutting-edge technology to construct buildings both big and small.
”New Zealand is certainly ready for change, and there are massive pressures on scaling up and doing so affordably,” he says. And that pressure is leading to some radical thinking and innovation – at least “on the fringes”. More >>
Conception R.P. reports large contract to CLT producerConception R.P, a Canadian company that designs and manufactures fingerjointing equipment has obtained the largest contract in its history, at $6.7 million CAD. The company announced the contract for a U.S. CLT manufacturer.
“We are a small company in Quebec City, but our competition are the global giants in the equipment industry. We are very proud of what we accomplished,” says Louis-André Landry Levesque, business development manager. The machinery will be built in Quebec before being sent to the United States where each section will be ready in the equivalent of 18 trucks.
“It is a turning point in our growth. It puts us in a better position regarding the cross laminated wood market. Conception R.P. has carried out projects all over the world (Canada, United States, Chile, China, Australia and in many European countries). We are now looking forward to developing the Brazilian market, which is a huge timber remanufacturing industry” says Mr. Levesque.
As part of the WoodTECH 2018 technology series, Richard Tremblay, President of the company will be travelling to both New Zealand and Australia to outline some of the new technology the company has developed around high speed horizontal finger-jointing and associated material handling systems. Full details on the September WoodTECH 2018 event can be found on the event website; WoodTECH.events.
Buy and Sell
... and one to end the week on ... missing the putt
This man goes to confession and says, “Forgive me father for I have sinned.”
And on that note, enjoy your weekend. Cheers.
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